Author Guidelines

This guideline is regenerated for the article publication starting from July 2023. Before you submit, make sure to prepare three documents for submission: manuscript, title page, and author self judgment.

File to Download

Manuscript (Template) DOCX
Please rename your manuscript in this order ‘Manuscript_Title’.

Title Page (Template) DOCX
Please rename your title page in this order ‘Title Page_Title’.

Author Self Judgement (Template) Download

For detail of this guideline, you can find the explanation below.

General Requirements

Type of paper should be original research article, review article, opinion article and case-based article.

1. Original Research Article (5000-10000 words, excluding references)

A full length original empirical research, mainly following this order: introduction, methods, results and discussion, conclusions, and references, an accurate description of research and an objective and comprehensive discussion of the results are highly encouraged.

2. Review Article (6000-11000 words, excluding references)

A comprehensive and critical literature review (includes organizing, integrating, and evaluating) of the latest published research, meta-analysis and systemic reviews are highly encouraged.

3. Opinion Article (3000-7000 words, excluding references)

A commentary, analysis, and argument on a specified issue, reliable and accountable data and its valid sources are highly encouraged.

4. Case-based Article (3000-5000 words, excluding references)

A technical and practical article focuses on a single but unique case study, mainly has briefer introduction, less theoretical studies, focused methodology, and deep technical outcomes.


General structure of paper should be divided into two files. First file is title Page (Title, Name of Authors, Affiliation, Email and Acknowledgement) and Second file is full text manuscript (Abstract, Introduction, Method, Results and Discussion, Conclusion, and References. Title of the manuscript should be defined to understand the readers globally. So, the authors must avoid the title with some local meanings, such as: "Case study in City X or Subdisrict Y, etc". Also, the manuscript title in Full Manuscript should be clear, concise, informative, and limited to 15 words, including conjunctions. Subtitles, colons, and nonstandard abbreviations are unacceptable.

In general the structure of the article must be able to show uniqueness, novelty, rigour, contribution, value, and most importantly it has a good story telling in environmental issues and Sustainable Development. Authors for whom English is a second language may choose to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission to improve the English. American English spelling is preferred.

Please title your manuscript in this order ‘Manuscript_Title”. Submit both the source file and the MS-DOC/MS-DOCX/PDF file to Submission Online Process without name and afilliation. Please ensure that paper is free from plagiarism, especially through plagiarism check by iThenticate.

References should be in APA style constructed with Mendeley. Other specific requirements are stated in the template. Authors are requested to write the paper directly in the template file.

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Specific Requirements

Adjustments to this structure are permitted in several conditions.




Abstract with no more than 300 words should be supplied to reflect the content of the paper. A concise and factual abstract is required (IMRAD Model).

  1. Introduction/Backgorund. Provide context or background for the study and state the study’s primary objective or hypothesis in 1–6 sentences. Also, please explain the previous research/program what other people do or what you have done before. Author include hypothesis (if any) which explained the tentative of result.

  2. Methods. Describe the basic procedures used during the study, including selection of study subjects, observational, analytical methods, and define the primary outcomes.

  3. Results and Discussion. Summarize the main findings, including specific effect sizes and their statistical significance, if possible. Include (if relevant) the number of participants in each group, the primary outcome for each group, and any significant adverse events or side effects. Also, please explain relation between your theory and your result in your article.

  4. Conclusion. In 1–2 sentences, state the principal conclusions, emphasizing new and important aspects of the study or observations in aspect of your research

An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand-alone. For this reason, References should be avoided. Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself. In the end of this section, please also briefly state the structure of paper, starting from Title up to References.

Following the abstract, there should be 6 keywords maximum, alphabetically sorted, and separated by semicolon.


Provide an adequate background, context of the problems based on the literature review. State the objectives of the work and emphasize the originality (state of the art).

The first paragraph of a section or subsection should not be indented; subsequent paragraphs should be indented. There is no theoretical background section in this manuscript. But, you must input your theoretical background on Introduction section. Theoretical background contains previous theories as the basis of research and the temporary hypothesis. The theory can be in the form of scientific articles, articles in journals, textbooks, or other sources of scientific writing.

This theory will be used to provide state of the art of your manuscript from research problems that have been proposed. Other theories that are still needed to solve the problem of research to support theories that are delivered after the theory of your research is discussed. After the theories are mentioned and discussed, you need to form a problem that show:

  1. why this manuscript is important,
  2. existing gaps,
  3. previous research and
  4. the purpose of the manuscript.

After the theories are mentioned and discussed, the author has written a temporary hypothesis (if any) as a temporary answer of the research. If this temporary answer is true, then the writer can reveal that the research problems have been answered and has been given the solution.


Methods are the means used by the author to answer the existing research problem. Please provide sufficient detail methods to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described. In the methods, must clear with the location and time of the research, the population and sample of the research, the research variables and the research data.

Results and Discussion

Results should be clear and concise. Adequate discussion or comparison of the current results to the previous similar published articles is recommended to shows the positioning of the present research (if available).

The discussion is presented systematically from general, then leads to the specific. Discussion must explore the significance of the results of the work. Presentation of the research can be done with the help of tables, drawings/graphs, maps/plans, and schemes.

Result and discussion of your manuscript also interconnected with your theory that used, included novelty of your manuscript about your research. Minimum of your explanation on this chapter is range 40% to 50% of your manuscript as a whole


The main conclusion of the study may be presented in a short conclusions section, which may stand-alone (maximum 4 paragraphs). It should not repeat the results, instead provide significant findings and contribution of the study. To close this section, state some important limitations of research, followed by potential future research regarding the issue.


Acknowledgements should be collected in a separate section in the Title Page before your article is published. Individuals who assisted with the study should be listed here (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance, or proofreading the article, etc.).

Author Contribution

Each author is expected to make substantial contributions to the design or design of the work; or to the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of the data; or to the creation of new software used in the work; or to the drafting or substantive revision of the work; and to the approval of the version submitted (and the version substantially modified by the staff of the journal, which includes the contribution of the author to the work).

For each article with several authors, a short paragraph specifying their individual contributions must be provided in the Title Page. The following statements should be used "Conceptualization, X.X. and Y.Y.; Methodology, X.X.; Software, X.X.; Validation, X.X., Y.Y. and Z.Z.; Formal Analysis, X.X.; Investigation, X.X.; Resources, X.X.; Data Curation, X.X.; Writing – Original Draft Preparation, X.X.; Writing – Review & Editing, X.X.; Visualization, X.X.; Supervision, X.X.; Project Administration, X.X.; and Funding Acquisition, Y.Y.”. Please turn to the CRediT taxonomy (CRediT) for an explanation of the term and background of the CRediT.


  • Meanwhile, references should be in APA style constructed with Mendeley. For more information, please check Mendeley.
  • Number of references should be more than 30 references which published within last 3-5 years.
  • References from articles published by highly reputable (Scopus-indexed and WOS journals are preferred) 80% of the references is from primary sources/journal only references related to the theme of the writing may be referred and your reference can be accessed by anyone
  • Authors are FORBIDDEN to use a self citation that has been published in Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development with every article that submitted in our journal.

Here is an example reference format with the style of APA.

Journal Article

Grady, J. S., Her, M., Moreno, G., Perez, C., & Yelinek, J. (2019). Emotions in storybooks: A comparison of storybooks that represent ethnic and racial groups in the United States. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 8(3), 207-217.https://doi.org/10.1037/ppm0000185

Parenthetical citation: (Grady et al., 2019)

Narrative citation: Grady et al. (2019)

Journal Article with an Article Number

Jerrentrup, A., Mueller, T., Glowalla, U., Herder, M., Henrichs, N., Neubauer, A., & Schaefer, J. R. (2018). Teaching medicine with the help of “Dr. House.” PLoS ONE, 13(3), Article e0193972. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0193972

Parenthetical citation: (Jerrentrup et al., 2018)

Narrative citation: Jerrentrup et al. (2018)

Journal Article with Missing Information

Missing Volume Number

Stegmeir, M. (2016). Climate change: New discipline practices promote college access. The Journal of College Admission, (231), 44-47.https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/NACAC/nacac_jca_spring2016/#/46

Missing Issue Number

Sanchiz, M., Chevalier, A., & Amadieu, F. (2017). How do older and young adults start searching for information? Impact of age, domain knowledge and problem complexity on the different steps of information searching. Computers in Human Behavior, 72, 67-78.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2017.02.038

Missing Page or Article Number

Butler, J. (2017). Where access meets multimodality: The case of ASL music videos. Kairos: A Journal of Rhetoric, Technology, and Pedagogy, 21, 1.http://technorhetoric.net/21.1/topoi/butler/index.html

Parenthetical citation: (Butler, 2017; Sanchiz et al., 2017; Stegmeir, 2016)

Narrative citation: Butler (2017), Sanchiz et al. (2017), and Stegmeir (2016)


Newspaper Article References

Carey, B. (2019, March 22). Can we get better at forgetting? The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/22/health/memory-forgetting-psychology.html

Harlan, C. (2013, April 2). North Korea vows to restart shuttered nuclear reactor that can make bomb-grade plutonium. The Washington Post, A1, A4.

Stobbe, M. (2020, January 8). Cancer death rate in U.S. sees largest one-year drop ever. Chicago Tribune.

Parenthetical citation: (Carey, 2019; Harlan, 2013; Stobbe, 2020)

Narrative citation: Carey (2019), Harlan (2013), and Stobbe (2020)



McKibbin, B. (2007). Deep economy: The wealth of communities and the durable future. Times Book/Henry Hold and Co.

Chapter in an edited book

Pigg, K. E., & Bradshaw, T. K., (2003). Catalytic community development: A theory of practice for changing rural society. In D. L. Brown & L. E. Swanson (Eds.), Challenges for rural America in the twenty-first century (pp. 385-396). Pennsylvania State University Press.


Conference Presentations and Proceeding

Conference Presentations

Evans, A. C., Jr., Garbarino, J., Bocanegra, E., Kinscherff, R. T., & Márquez-Greene, N. (2019, August 8–11). Gun violence: An event on the power of community [Conference presentation]. APA 2019 Convention, Chicago, IL, United States. https://convention.apa.org/2019-video

Parenthetical citation: (Evans et al., 2019)

Narrative citation: Evans et al. (2019)

Abstract of a Conference Precentation

Cacioppo, S. (2019, April 25–28). Evolutionary theory of social connections: Past, present, and future [Conference presentation abstract]. Ninety-ninth annual convention of the Western Psychological Association, Pasadena, CA, United States. https://westernpsych.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/WPA-Program-2019-Final-2.pdf

Parenthetical citation: (Cacioppo, 2019)

Narrative citation: Cacioppo (2019)

Conference Proceedings published in a Journal

Conference proceedings published in a journal follow the same format as journal articles

Duckworth, A. L., Quirk, A., Gallop, R., Hoyle, R. H., Kelly, D. R., & Matthews, M. D. (2019). Cognitive and noncognitive predictors of success. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 116(47), 23499–23504.https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1910510116

Parenthetical citation: (Duckworth et al., 2019)

Narrative citation: Duckworth et al. (2019)

Conference Proceedings published as a whole Book

Conference proceedings published as a whole book follow the same reference format as whole edited books.

Kushilevitz, E., & Malkin, T. (Eds.). (2016). Lecture notes in computer science: Vol. 9562. Theory of cryptography. Springer.https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-49096-9

Parenthetical citation: (Kushilevitz & Malkin, 2016)

Narrative citation: Kushilevitz and Malkin (2016)

Conference Proceedings published as a Book Chapter

The format for conference proceedings published as an edited book chapter is the same as for edited book chapters.

Bedenel, A.-L., Jourdan, L., & Biernacki, C. (2019). Probability estimation by an adapted genetic algorithm in web insurance. In R. Battiti, M. Brunato, I. Kotsireas, & P. Pardalos (Eds.), Lecture notes in computer science: Vol. 11353. Learning and intelligent optimization (pp 225-240). Springer.https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-05348-2_21

Parenthetical citation: (Bedenel et al., 2019)

Narrative citation: Bedenel et al. (2019)

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After Acceptance

Proofs and Copyright

Proofs will be sent by e-mail to the listed corresponding author. Any corrections must be returned within one week of receipt and should only cover typesetting errors. All corrections and the signed copyright form must be returned to us in one communication. Proofreading is solely the responsibility of the authors.


After publication, the Corresponding Author will receive one copy of the journal. The online published article can be freely accessed and downloaded from the website. Author Inquiry For further advice please contact: jessd@ui.ac.id

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Author Inquiries

For further suggestions, please contact:

Secretariat of Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development, School of Environmental Science, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI Salemba, Jakarta Pusat, 10430, INDONESIA

E-mail : jessd@ui.ac.id

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