This paper analyzes the end of the Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan (PKK) in Turkey. The PKK is a terrorist organization based on the aim of separatism from Turkey. Since its founding in 1978 until now, various acts of terror have been carried out by the PKK and Turkish authorities view the PKK as the most dangerous terrorist organization in its territory. The type of research used is descriptive qualitative. Politicization factors are the main variable in analyzing the end of the PKK in Turkey. The result of the analysis is that the PKK will soon end through constitutional agreements through Kurdish representatives in the Turkish parliament which were won by HDP, a pro-Kurdish political party. HDP's success as the first pro-Kurdish party to enter the Turkish parliament even broke the 10% threshold, becoming an important momentum for the PKK and the Turkish government to conduct constitutional negotiations.

Keywords: terrorism organizations, Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan (PKK), Turkey, politicization.

Bahasa Abstract


Jurnal ini menganalisis tentang berakhirnya Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan (PKK) di Turki. PKK merupakan organisasi teroris yang berbasis pada tujuan separatisme dari Turki. Sejak didirikan pada tahun 1978 hingga kini, berbagai aksi-aksi teror telah dilakukan PKK sehingga otoritas Turki memandang PKK sebagai organisasi terorisme paling berbahaya di teritorinya. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif kualitatif. Faktor politik menjadi variable utama dalam menganilisis berakhirnya PKK di Turki. Hasil analisis adalah PKK akan segera berakhir melalui kesepakatan-kesepakatan konstitusional melalui perwakilan-perwakilan Kurdi di parlemen Turki yang berhasil diraih oleh HDP, partai politik pro-Kurdi. Keberhasilan HDP sebagai partai pro-Kurdi pertama yang masuk parlemen Turki bahkan menembus threshold 10%, menjadi momentum penting bagi PKK dan pemerintah Turki untuk melakukan perundingan-perundingan konstitusional.

Kata kunci: organisasi terorisme, Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan (PKK), Turki, politicization.



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