The present state of security in the West African sub-region raises important issues of the nature of home-grown terrorism (HGT) threats in Ghana. Most studies of home-grown terrorism have focused mainly on the psychological implications of terrorist acts. This paper examines the complexities of the Ghanaian state securities perceive the nature of the threat of home-grown terrorism in the country. Data was collected from representatives of the state security agencies using semi-structured in-depth interviews. Findings indicate that the threat nature of home-grown terrorism in Ghana varies but the most significant is the threat from the recruitment of Ghanaian Muslims by the so-called Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS). The finding helps to gain a better understanding of the difficulty of living under constant home-grown terrorism threats. It also provides an understanding of how citizens cope with and adjust to such threats.
Ashlie, P. M. & Minteh B. S. (2014). Home Grown Terrorism in the United States (US): Causes, Affiliations and Policy Implications. Available at SSRN: 1-33.
Bjorgo, T. & Gjelsvik, I. M. (2014). Norwegian research on the prevention of radicalization and
Violent extremism: A status of knowledge. URL:
British Broadcasting Corporation BBC News, (2016). Ivory Coast: 16 dead in Grand Bassam beach resort attack http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-35798502.
Brooks, R. (2011). “Muslim 'Homegrown' Terrorism in the United States: How Serious Is the Threat?” Quarterly Journal: International Security, vol. 36. No. 2. 7-47
Byman, D. (2015). The Homecomings: What Happens when Arab Fighters in Iraq and Syria Return? Studies in Conflict and Terrorism. Vol.38, Iss. 8
Eikenberry, E., Weinberg, D. A. & Suzano, J. (2016). The Problem with Saudi Arabia’s Terrorist
Re-education. Foreign Policy Online Porta, retrieved from:
El-Said, H. & Barret, R. (2017). Enhancing the Understanding of the Foreign Terrorist Fighters Phenomenon in Syria. United Nations Office of Counter Terrorism. URL: www.org/en/counterterrorism/assets/img/Report_Final_20170727.pdf
European Commission (2010). Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council. The EU Counter-Terrorism Policy: Main Achievements and Future Challenges. Retrieved from URL:
Fisher, M. (2005). Inferring CO2 sources and sinks from satellite observations: Method and application to TOVS data. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 131(612), 2961-3012.
Fulgence N. (2015). War on Terrorism in Africa: A Challenge for Regional Integration and Cooperation Organizations in Eastern and Western Africa. J Pol Sci Pub Aff S1:007. doi:10.4172/2332-0761.S1-007.
Jalil, A. (2017). ISIS Today: Are Islamic State Returnees a Risk for South Africa? Daily Maverick Online, South Africa. URL: https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2017-05-22-iss-today-are-islamic-state-returnees-a-risk-for-south-africa/#.WfaZwmiCzDc.
Johnson, N. (2017). The Threat of Home-grown Terrorism is rising in the US. Business Insider (Military & Defense) http://www.businessinsider.com/homegrown-terrorism-in-the-us-rising-2017-5/?IR=T.
Liamputtong, P. (2013). Qualitative Research Methods. Oxford University Press. South Melbourne, Vic 4th edition
Mathew, A. Y. K. (2013). Preventing International Terrorism in Ghana: Realities and Challenges. (Master of Arts Degree in International Relations), University Of Ghana, Legon.
Milles, M. B. & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative Data Analysis: A Source Book. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.
Peresin, A. (2013). Croatian Counter-Terrorism Strategy: Challenges, Prevention and Response System. Research Institute for European and American Studies (RIEAS). Athens, Greece. URL: http://www.rieas.gr/images/rieas160.pdf.
Rowland, M. (2017). Terror Threat Snapshot –February 2017. US Homeland Security Digital Library. Retrieved from: https://www.hsdl.org/c/terror-threat-snapshot-february-2017/.
Yussof, B.B. (2012). Terrorism the Threat to Democracy and Security. Retrieved from: http://www.parlimen.gov.my/images/webuser/TERRORISM%20-THE%20THREAT%20TO%20DEMOCRACY.pdf
Zulkarnain, Mohammed Mr.
"NATURE OF HOME-GROWN TERRORISM THREAT IN GHANA,"
Journal of Terrorism Studies: Vol. 2
, Article 1.
Available at: https://scholarhub.ui.ac.id/jts/vol2/iss2/1