In principle, journal editors can not independently decide which articles shall be published. In making decisions regarding publishing, editors are guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and are limited by applicable legal requirements relating to defamation, copyright infringement, double publishing, and plagiarism. Articles that have been published will remain extant, exact and unaltered as far as is possible. However, under certain circumstances can arise where articles that have been published must then be withdrawn or even deleted. Such actions should not be carried out except in exceptional circumstances.
A retraction of articles that have been published can be initiated by journal editors, by authors and/or their institutions. In certain cases the retraction must be accompanied by an apology for the previous mistakes and/or expressions of gratitude to those who revealed the error to the author. A retraction of published scientific articles must be accompanied by a statement that the original article must not be published and that data and conclusions should not be used as part of the basis for future research.
This circumstances can occur if the initial version of the article contains an error, or may have been accidentally sent twice to both IJIL and/or a different publisher. In addition, it can also occur due to an element of Infringements of the scientific code of ethics, such as double submissions, false claims of authorship, plagiarism, self-plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like. Articles that meet the element of Infringements of the code of ethics upon the awareness of the author can make a withdrawal of his article accompanied by a letter of statement withdrawal addressed to the editorial board of IJIL.
A retraction is carried out if an article is indicated to have Infringements of scientific ethical codes, such as double submissions, false claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data, fake authors or the like. Also, a retraction will be used to correct errors in submission or publication. A retraction of an article by the author or editor under the advice of the editorial board of the IJIL. There are several forms of recraction carried out by IJIL, i.e.:
- 1. If the infragements of the scientific code of ethics are indicated before the article published, the editor will return the manuscript to the author accompanied by a retraction letter from the Chief Editor;
- 2. If the infragements of the scientific code of ethics are indicated after the article published, there are several mechanisms that can occur:
- 1. If the infragements of the scientific code of ethics are indicated after the article published, there are several mechanisms that can occur:
- 2. The online article is preceded by a screen containing the retraction note. It is to this screen that the link resolves; the reader can then proceed to the article itself.
- 3. The original article is retained unchanged save for a watermark on the .pdf indicating on each page that it is “retracted.”
- 4. The HTML version of the document is removed.
Article removal: legal limitations
In an extremely limited number of cases, it may be necessary to remove an article from the online database of IJIL. This will only occur where the article is clearly defamatory, hoax, infringes others’ legal rights, a court order, and endangering state security. In these circumstances, while the metadata (Title and Authors) will be retained, the text will be replaced with a screen indicating the article has been removed for legal reasons.
In cases where the article, if acted upon, might pose a serious risk, the authors of the original article may wish to retract the flawed original and replace it with a corrected version. In these circumstances the procedures for retraction will be followed with the difference that the database retraction notice will publish a link to the corrected re-published article and a history of the document.