Violence on the internet often occurs in Indonesia due to several aspects, such as political reason and entertainment purpose. It has emerged due to the rapid digital movement, which produces numerous digital applications that can widen the connection among humans from various backgrounds. Sometimes, different values and perceptions are the factors that incinerate violence on the internet, particularly verbal violence. In this study, we apply the term cyber aggression (CA), a form of structured and unstructured behavior to harm others online, to explain this phenomenon. The emergence of this new-kind of behavior must be addressed by the government and other stakeholders in managing social and political stability that requires intergroup relation. This study aims to explain two specific predictors that can empirically understand CA from the psychological perspective, namely, moral emotions and frequency of social media usage. Result shows that one dimension of moral emotion—guilt—is a significant predictor to inhibit CA. Moreover, shame precisely encourages people to conduct CA.

Bahasa Abstract

Kekerasan di internet seringkali terjadi karena berbagai aspek, seperti alasan politik dan kepentingan hiburan. Terminologi ini muncul dikarenakan perkembangan digital yang masif yang memprodukso berbagai aplikasi digital yang memungkinkan manusia melebarkan koneksinya antar manusia dari berbagai latar belakang. Terkadang, perbedaan nilai dan persepsi menjadi faktor yang memicu terjadinya kekerasan di internet, khususnya kekerasan verbal. Dalam studi ini, kami menggunakan istilah empiris cyber aggression (CA), sebuah perilaku terstruktur atau tidak terstruktur untuk melukai orang lain dalam situasi online, guna menjelaskan fenomena ini. Kemunculan dari perilaku baru ini harus dilihat oleh Pemerintah dan stakeholder lain dalam menjaga stabilitas sosial dan politik yang membutuhkan hubungan antar kelompok. Studi ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan secara spesifik prediktor yang menjelaskan terjadinya CA, yaitu emosi moral dan frekuensi penggunaan media sosial. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa hanya satu dimensi dari emosi moral yang dapat menjadi prediktor yang signifikan untuk membatasi CA. Lebih jauh, emosi malu merupakan emosi yang mendorong individu untuk lebih meningkatkan perilaku CA.


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