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Publication Ethics

Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia (Makara Hubs-Asia) follows the principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) for its statements of ethics. This covers code of ethics for authors, editors and reviewers.

Authors

1. Originality

The journal encourages an honest and informed debate on various issues to advance the understanding in human behaviours; hence, we are open to research that challenges previous work published in the journal

Authors must submit original works only. Authors must not submit the same work to another journal at the same time or while the manuscript is under review. Authors must wait for a rejection decision or formally request for withdrawal before submitting to another journal.

The manuscript must not have been previously published or accepted for publication elsewhere.

Author must properly cite all existing works which may overlap or be used as material for the manuscript, both in the body text and in the reference list. Authors must explicitly cite their own earlier works used as material in the manuscript. If exact sentences or paragraphs that appear in another work by the author are included in the manuscript, the material should be put in quotation marks and appropriately cited in a way that does not compromise the double-blind review process.

The manuscript should identify the origin and originality of the datasets used in the paper, such as data collected through survey. Authors should mention if the dataset has been used elsewhere by this or another Author, whether published or not.

Any author and/or his/her manuscript that does not comply with the guideline may not be published. In the case where ethical violation is found after the manuscript is published, the editors reserve the rights to issue a public explanation and/or retract the article.

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2. Plagiarism and Self-Plagiarism

All work in the manuscript should be free of any plagiarism, falsification, fabrications, or omission of significant material. 

The editors will support the author whose article(s) in the journal is plagiarized, or her/his copyright has been infringed. We are prepared to work with their publisher to defend authors’ rights and pursue the offenders (e.g. by requesting retractions or removal of material from websites) irrespective of whether their journal holds the copyright

Authors are expected to explicitly cite others' work and ideas, even if the work or ideas are not quoted verbatim or paraphrased. This standard applies whether the previous work is published, unpublished, or electronically available. Failure to properly cite the work of others may constitute plagiarism. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

Redundancy (or “self-plagiarism”) is an unacceptable publishing behavior. Redundancy can occur in at least two ways: (1) Authors recycle portions of their previous writings by using identical or nearly identical sentences or paragraphs from earlier writings in subsequent research papers, without quotation or acknowledgment; or (2) Authors create multiple papers that are slight variations on each other, which are submitted for publication in different journals but without acknowledgment of the other papers.

Authors can and often do develop different aspects of an argument in more than one manuscript. However, manuscripts that differ primarily in appearance, but are presented as separate and distinct research without acknowledging other related work, constitute attempts (whether unintentional or deliberate) to deceive reviewers and readers by overinflating the intellectual contribution of the manuscript. Since publication decisions are influenced by the novelty and innovativeness of manuscripts, such deception is inappropriate and unethical.

If exact sentences or paragraphs that appear in another work by the author are included in the manuscript, the material must be put in quotation marks and appropriately cited. We  screen all submitted articles/manuscripts with plagiarism checker software (iThenticate).

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3. Reporting Standards

The reports of original research should be in accordance with the actual work performed by author(s) and the actual data obtained. It should also provide the objective discussion containing the research significance. If necessary, Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia (Makara Hubs-Asia) will also ask the provision of raw data used for the manuscript for editorial review.

Author(s) should not publish manuscripts/articles that have been published before in different journals. Also, proper acknowledgment of the work of others must be always given. References should always be included when the author(s) cite the work of others. The standard format for the manuscript should be in accordance with APA Style. Failing to comply with these standards constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

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4. Ethical Treatments to Human Subjects

Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia (Makara Hubs-Asia) encourages all authors to assure that no human subjects are harmed upon the data collection. Any approval from the research ethics committee should be informed to Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia (Makara Hubs-Asia), especially those that potentially affect human well-being. Failure to comply will be regarded as unethical and are unacceptable.

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Editors

Editors’ responsibilities are to decide which submitted manuscript should be published and which reviewers should review the manuscript. Due to the double-blind peer review policy, we disclose any information about the author and the reviewer (name, residency, citizenship, and contact information) for every manuscript. The manuscripts that are being processed must not be used by anyone without the author’s consent.

Editors will evaluate the manuscripts based on intellectual merits. Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia (Makara Hubs-Asia) do not evaluate the manuscript for reason other than scientific scrutiny. We do not discriminate against the authors based on race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, or ethnic origin.

Editors are responsible for responding to complaints and should provide ways for dissatisfied complainants to address their complaints. Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia (Makara Hubs-Asia) welcomes the complaints through the e-mail at hubsasia@ui.ac.id.

To ensure that Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia (Makara Hubs-Asia) be free from commercial considerations, editors are never allowed to take funds, sponsors, or other gifts for their own profit. Any grants and operational budget was provided by journal owner (Universitas Indonesia) and is evaluated regularly by the governments.

To ensure the quality of the manuscripts, editors should assign a proofreader that will blindly evaluate the manuscript and give final reviews regarding the format, grammars, and other technical details.

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Reviewers

Reviewers’ responsibilities are to assist the editors in deciding whether the manuscripts should be rejected or revised. Thus, they also assist the authors to improve their manuscripts. Due to the double-blind peer review policy, the reviewers can never see the authors’ background information. Reviewers should also never disclose the manuscript contents to anyone without any consent from the editors.

Every manuscript submitted will be reviewed by at least two reviewers. Their review and feedback to the manuscripts will ultimately become the basis of editors’ decision. If necessary, the editors will choose the third reviewer before making the decision.

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