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Information for Authors

1. Editorial Policies

1.1. Copyright

1.2. Informed Consent and Ethics Committee Approval

1.3. Authorship

1.4. Team Science and Consortia Authorship

1.5. Originality

1.6. Conflict of Interest

1.7. Funding

2. Manuscript Preparation

2.1. Title

2.2. Manuscript Length

2.3. Abstract

2.4. Main Text

2.5. Statistical Reporting Guidelines

2.6. Acknowledgments

2.7. References

2.8. Figures and Tables

2.9. Proofs

2.10. Language Editing

3. Journal Publishing Agreement

4. Open Access Policy

5. Permissions For Illustrations And Figures


1. Editorial Policies

Articles submitted to Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia must be written in English. Any parts of the articles submitted to Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia, partial or whole of it must not be previously released nor being considered for publication by any other journals at the moment of submission. Articles should be submitted through the journal's web-based article submission system as instructed.

All matters regarding editorial policies of Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia can be discussed in writing via email to Dr. phil. Edo S. Jaya, M. Psi. Psikolog. (edo.jaya@ui.ac.id), Editor-in Chief, Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia, University of Indonesia, ILRC Building UI 1st Floor Kampus, Jl. Prof. Dr. Nugroho Notosusanto, Pondok Cina, Kecamatan Beji, Kota Depok, Jawa Barat 16424.

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Authors publishing in Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia agree to transfer the license of the copyright to Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia that is published by Universitas Indonesia. Authors retain significant rights to use and share their own published articles provided that the Journal is acknowledged as the original place of publication.

Authors publishing in Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia grant Universitas Indonesia the right to publish the article in all forms and media so that the article can be used on the latest technology platform after publication and the authority to enforce the rights of the article, on behalf of the author(s), against third parties, for example in the case of plagiarism or copyright infringement.

Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia is committed to its authors to protect and defend their work and their reputation and takes allegations of infringement, plagiarism, ethic disputes, and fraud very seriously.

If an author becomes aware of a possible plagiarism, fraud or infringement we recommend contacting Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia publishing contact who can then liaise with our in-house legal department. Note that certain open access user licenses may permit quite a broad re-use that might otherwise be counted as copyright infringement.

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1.2. Informed Consent and Ethics Committee Approval

Manuscripts reporting experiments on patients or healthy volunteers must include a statement that the research was approved by the responsible ethical committee of the institution (e.g., an institutional review board) and was consistent with the principles outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki for the ethical conduct of human research. Consent must also be obtained when photographs of patients are shown or other information that could lead to the identification of the individuals is provided. Authors may be required to provide tangible proof that all necessary permissions and consents from study participants have been obtained.

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1.3. Authorship

The proper attribution of credit and responsibility to the intellectual property of an academic manuscript requires a thoughtful approach to naming authorship. In general, the authors are expected to have played a key role in the planning and implementation of the study and to have been actively involved in the preparation or editing of the manuscript. It is important that all authors confirm their approval of the final manuscript before submitting it. The authors are not only directly responsible for their own work but also participate in the acknowledgment of the published contribution and therefore implicitly and explicitly acknowledge the contributions of their co-authors.

Individuals who made significant contributions to the manuscript but did not meet the authorship criteria should be identified in the Acknowledgments section of the manuscript.

Authorship or a co-author means a person who has made a significant contribution to manuscript and who shares responsibilities and accountability of the results. This includes in the planning and carrying out the research up until writing or editing the articles. It is important that all authors confirm their approval of the final document before submitting it.

If a manuscript is written by more than one author, you will choose one person to be the corresponding author. This person will handle all correspondence about the manuscript and sign the publishing agreement on behalf of all the authors. If you are a co-author, this means that:

  1. You have made a significant contribution to the research, whether it is in the concept or design, acquisition of data, analysis and interpretation, or in all these areas.
  2. You have drafted, written, or revised the article.
  3. You have reviewed and agreed on the final version of the article before submission.
  4. You have agreed on the journal to which your manuscript will be submitted.
  5. You are aware that you are taking responsibility and accountability for the content of the manuscript.
  6. You are aware that the corresponding author will be acting on your behalf in any communication about the article, through submission, peer review, production, and after publication.
  7. In line with standard publishing ethics, if your article is found to be unsafe, have errors, in some way fraudulent, or in breach of the publishing agreement, that responsibility is shared by all named co-authors.

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1.4. Team Science and Consortia Authorship

Manuscripts including a consortium of authors will be considered for publication in Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia if they meet all the following criteria. First, all members of the consortium who meet the journal's authorship criteria must be listed by name in the author byline. Individuals who made significant contributions to the manuscript but did not meet the criteria for authorship must be listed in the Acknowledgements section under the heading "Collaborators," along with their affiliations. Second, it is the corresponding author's (CA) obligation to obtain and record assurances from each author that the journal's conflict of interest policies have been fully satisfied. During submission, the CA will be asked to certify that this information was obtained and properly disclosed on behalf of all authors. Furthermore, it is the CA's responsibility to obtain permission from non-author collaborators to identify themselves as such in the Acknowledgements section.

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1.5. Originality

Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia does not publish articles that contain similar content with accepted articles that will be published or already published, whether in print or in the electronic media, even though the new submission contains data not included in the published or accepted work. Reports after presentation at meetings or reports that are presented as abstracts or that extend the preliminary results presented will be considered for publication. A published article that the author thinks may have been written at the same time as the manuscript submitted for reconsideration should be included in the submission.

By submitting your manuscript to the journal it is understood that this is an original manuscript and is an unpublished work not under consideration elsewhere. Plagiarism, including duplicate publication of the author’s own work, in whole or in part without proper citation is not tolerated by the journal. Manuscripts submitted to the journal may be checked for originality using anti-plagiarism software. If an attempt at undisclosed duplicate publication is identified, the article will be rejected, the owners of the copyright will be notified, and the violation may be reported to relevant authorities.

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1.6. Conflict of Interest

During submission, Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia’s policy requires each author to disclose any direct or indirect financial interest or connections, or other situation that may raise the issue of bias in the submitted articles or the conclusions, implications or opinions, including any commercial or other sources of funding for individual authors or for associated departments or organizations, personal relationships, or direct academic competition.

Authors should avoid conflicts of interest or the appearance of conflicts of interest throughout the research process because conflicts of interest may influence the judgment of authors, reviewers, and editors. All interests (or their absence), such as roles in a project or funding source, should be stated explicitly by authors upon submission of the manuscript. If the manuscript is published, such statements will be published within the article

Examples of potential conflict include ownership of products mentioned in the articles, equity interest in the articles sponsor or any other commercial entity with a possible financial interest in its result, or payments of a cumulative monetary value greater than $2,000 made by the sponsor to the researchers or their family members during or within two years completion studies. Institutional support for the research should be included in the Acknowledgments section of the article.

If there is doubt about whether a circumstance represents a conflict, it should be disclosed, so that Editors may assess its significance. Any queries about possible conflicts of interest should be addressed to Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia’s Editor-in-Chief.

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1.7. Funding

Details of all funding information for the work should be written at the end of the manuscript with the subheading “Funding.” This section must be written before the "Acknowledgments" section.

The conflict of interest statement will be included in the manuscript submitted for publication. Each scenario should be described in sufficient detail by corresponding author for reviewer and editor to determine its scope and determine the author(s) where in the conflict exist. If the corresponding author has confirmed that there is no conflict, the publisher will put the following statement at the conclusion of the published manuscript:

  1. This section should begin with the words: “This work was supported by …”
  2. The agency funding should be stated explicitly in a complete description, i.e. “Universitas Indonesia," not "UI" (an abbreviation).
  3. Grant numbers should be stated accurately in parentheses, for example: (grant number xxxx).
  4. If the grant numbers are more than one, it should be written separately by using a coma, for example: (grant numbers xxxx, yyyy).
  5. A semicolon should be used to separate agencies (plus "and" before the last funding agency).
  6. The following text should be inserted after the relevant agency or grant number: ‘'to [author initials]."

An example is given here: "This work was supported by Universitas Indonesia (XXX123 and YYY123 to J.D.) and the Ministry of Education, Culture, Research, and Higher Education of Indonesia (ZZZ123)." This means that John Doe (initial J.D.) received two grants called XXX123 and YYY123 from Universitas Indonesia, and the research work is supported by ZZZ123 grant from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Research, and Higher Education of Indonesia.

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2. Manuscript Preparation

All manuscripts are submitted and then reviewed at the submission page of our website. The corresponding author should sign up and create an account.

Before submission, the authors have to make sure the manuscript is following our submission template. The manuscript is written with Times New Roman, single-spaced, left and right aligned, on one-sided pages and on A4 paper (210 mm x 297 mm) with the upper margin of 3.5 cm, lower 2.5 cm, left and right each 2 cm. The title of the article and abstract is written both in English and Bahasa Indonesia, but the manuscript is written in English. The manuscript should be submitted as an .rtf or .doc file. Other file formats will be rejected. Figures must be submitted as individual files (in .tif format) and should be numbered sequentially.

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2.1. Title

Title should be written in both English and Bahasa Indonesian, using Times New Roman, 14 pt, and bold. The title should not consist of more than 50 characters, including spaces. Below the title, please write the full name of each author and the author’s institutional affiliations, and then the corresponding author’s email. Please note that the corresponding author is only one per manuscript.

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2.2. Manuscript Length

Manuscripts should be written concisely and not exceed 5,000 words for major reviews, 4,000 words for regular articles of a single study, 6,000 words for regular articles of multiple studies, or 2,500 words for editorials. What should be included in the word count includes the abstract, text body, figure legends, and acknowledgments. It must appear along with the abstract word count on the title page of the manuscript. Then, supplementary data (methods, results, tables, or additional figures) will be published online.

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2.3. Abstract

Abstract should be written in both English and Bahasa Indonesia. The abstract is written with Times New Roman font size 10, and single spacing. The abstract should summarize the content of the paper, including the aim of the research, research method, and the results, and the conclusions of the paper. It should not contain any references, displayed equations, and/or unexplained abbreviations. The abstract should be no more than 200 words.

Keywords: up to 5 keywords in English that do not appear as part of the article title (10 point font, italics); write alphabetically in 5 words.

Between the “abstract” heading and the content place one blank single space line (12 pt). Also, between the “keyword” and “introduction” headings place three blank single space lines (12 pt, bold).

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2.4. Main Text

Original manuscripts reporting novel experimental or nonexperimental findings should be composed of these sections, in the following order: Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments, References, and Figure Legends. Review articles must have contents and an abstract; however, the body of the text can be organized in a less structured format. Authors of review articles are encouraged to use section headers to amend the simplicity of their manuscript.

Number pages consecutively begin with the title page. Spelling should match what is used in Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary , eleventh edition. Author(s) should refer to relevant reporting standards such as CONSORT for Randomized Controlled Trials and PRISMA for review articles.

Writing format (References, Tables, and Figures) should adhere to American Psychological Association Style, 7th edition and the spelling should comply with the Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 11th edition. Clinical laboratory data is better explained in conventional manner rather than Système International (SI) units.

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2.5. Statistical Reporting Guidelines

These are some suggestions to follow best statistical practices if you want to submit a manuscript to the Journal. We recommend that you use them as a guideline for research study design and reporting.

For All Studies:
  1. The Methods segment in a manuscript should include a short description about sample size and power considerations for the research, and a short description of the primary and secondary analyses methodologies.
  2. The Methods segment should contain a description of how the missing data was managed. An in-depth case analysis is not often acceptable as the primary analysis unless missingness is uncommon, in which case approaches that are suited for the missingness mechanism should be used instead. When data is missing at random, multiple imputation or inverse probability case weights can be utilized; when missingness is enlightening, model-based solutions may be better.
  3. Significance tests should be followed by confidence intervals for estimated effect sizes, measures of association, or other parameters of interest. Any changes to significance levels in the associated test should be reflected in the confidence intervals.
  4. All reported P values should be two-sided except if the study design requires one-sided tests, such as in non inferiority clinical studies. P values greater than 0.01 should be stated to two decimal places, while P values between 0.01 to 0.001 should be reported to three decimal places, and P values less than 0.001 should be written as P<0.001. P values derived from tests associated with stopping rules in clinical trials or from genome-wide association studies are exceptions to this policy.
  5. Results should be provided with as much precision as is scientific value and significant given the available sample size. Example, measures of association, such as odds ratios, should be reported to two significant digits in most cases. Results deduced from models should be bound to the appropriate number of significant digits.
For Clinical Trials:
  1. Original and final protocols, Statistical Analysis Plans (SAPs), a table of amendments made to the protocol, and SAP showing the date of change and its content, must be handed over with the manuscript.
  2. Results of clinical trials and the analyses, which is the main outcome in manuscripts, must fit with the analyses predetermined in the original protocol, except for certain conditions. Analyses that do not comply with the protocol must be justified in the Methods section of the manuscript. It is probable for the Editors to request some additional analyses that aren’t given in the protocol.
  3. It is important for researchers to use the testing procedures specified in the protocol and SAP, when comparing outcomes in two or more groups using confirmatory analyses. It should be done to manage overall type I error, including : Bonferroni adjustments or predetermined hierarchical procedures. The adjustment of P values for multiplicity, must be reported when appropriate and labeled as such in the manuscript. In the procedure of hierarchical testing, P values must be reported only until the last comparison for which the P value was statistically significant. Then, P values for the first nonsignificant comparison and for all comparisons afterwards should not be reported. For prespecified exploratory analyses, researchers should use methods for controlling false finding rate stated in the SAP, for example, : Benjamini-Hochberg procedures.
  4. The report of all secondary and exploratory endpoints should be limited to point estimates of treatment effects with 95% confidence intervals, when there is no method to adjust the number of conclusions or control the false finding rate specified in the SAP of a clinical trial. In this case, it is important to note the widths of intervals haven’t been adjusted for multiplicity and that the conclusion drawn may not be reproducible, in the method section. There’s no need to report P values for these analyses.
  5. Analysis of certain subgroups prespecified in the SAP, should comply to the method described in the SAP. If the researcher believes the importance of post-hoc analysis of subgroups, the rationale for conducting the analysis should be stated. Post hoc analyses must be clearly labeled as post hoc within the manuscript.
  6. Forest plots, also known as a blobbogram, are regularly used to exhibit analysis results of a treatment effect’s consistency throughout subgroups of factors of interest. Such plots are recommended for important subgroups since it can be useful in showing estimated treatment effects throughout subgroups. However, small subgroups may have formal inferences about the homogeneity of treatment effects that are impractical. In most cases, no P values for intercourse should be supplied in the forest plots since a few of P values for treatment by subgroup intercourse is matter to problems of multiplicity and has finite value for inference.
  7. If significance tests of safety outcomes (not primary outcomes) are recited with the treatment-specific estimates, acclimation for multiplicity is unnecessary. Editors believe that the type I error rates larger than 0.05 are adequate, since information contained in the safety endpoints may signal challenges within certain organ classes. Requests for P values to be recited for comparisons of the frequency of unfavourable events among treatment groups are likely regardless of whether it was stated in the SAP
  8. When probable, absolute event counts or rates should be recited before relative risks or hazard ratios. The objective is to supply the reader with both actual event frequency with the relative frequency and to avoid odds ratios, since it may overestimate the relative risks in many settings and be misinterpreted.
  9. Information about flow diagram, checklist, and statement in CONSORT format may not be published with the manuscript, but authors are urged to provide all relevant information in either the manuscript or a supplementary appendix at the time of submission. The CONSORT formats are available on the CONSORT website.
For Observational Studies:

The validity of observational study findings depends on a number of key assumptions, as well as sample selection, measured and unmeasured confounding, and the sufficiency of methods used to control for confounders. In observational studies, the Methods section should explain how these and other relevant concerns were considered in the design and analysis.

  1. An observational study needed a signed and dated version of a prespecified SAP with a description of hypotheses to be tested should be submitted with the manuscript submission. The Journal urges authors to deposit SAPs for observational research in one of the dedicated online repositories.
  2. When doing multiple tests, observational studies should use pre-specified acceptable methods for controlling the family-wise error rate or false discovery rate. Summary statistics should be limited to point estimates and 95% confidence intervals in manuscripts reporting observational studies without a prespecified method for error control. In such circumstances, the Methods section should state that the interval widths have not been corrected for multiplicity, and that the conclusions formed from the conclusions may not be repeated. For these analyses, no P values should be given.
  3. If there is no prespecified analysis plan exists, the Methods section should include an outline of the anticipated method of analysis, including:
    1. Eligibility criteria for the case selection and sampling method, as well as an appropriate diagram
    2. A description of the relationship or causal impact that will be estimated, as well as the reasoning behind it.
    3. The prespecified method of analysis used to draw conclusions regarding a treatment or exposure's effect or connection.
  4. Studies that report the effect of a treatment or exposure should include the distribution of potential confounding variables and other variables, stratified by exposure or intervention group. Differences between groups should be described with point estimates and 95% confidence intervals when the analysis depends on the confounders being balanced by exposure group.
  5. A supplementary appendix is frequently the ideal place to describe complex models and their diagnostics. Authors are urged to conduct an analysis that evaluates potential susceptibility to bias from unmeasured confounding; if this is not possible, authors must describe potential biases caused by unmeasured confounders.
  6. To assess the robustness of their findings, authors are urged to retest in a similar but independent study or studies.

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2.6. Acknowledgments

These must be as short as possible while also including the names of logistical support sources.

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2.7. References

The reference must be written by following APA (American Psychological Association) 7th edition format. The references should use primary sources (journals or books).

Note: Manuscripts that do not follow this references’ format will be returned for retyping. References to meeting abstracts, material not yet accepted for publication, or personal communications are not acceptable as listed references and should be included in parentheses in the text instead. It is the authors' responsibility for obtain the necessary approval from colleagues to include their work as a personal communication.

Examples
Book:

Creswell, J.W. (2008). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research (3rd ed.). Pearson Education, Inc.

Book Chapter:

Markus, H.R., Kitayama, S., & Heiman, R.J. (1996). Culture and basic psychological principles. In E.T. Higgins & A.W. Kruglanski (Eds.), Social psychology: Handbook of basic principles. The Guilford Press.

Online document:

Webpage

Department of Education. (2020, November 11). Physical activity and health. Queensland Government. https://education.qld.gov.au/curriculum/learning-at-home/physical-activity-and-health

Document PDF

Ministry of Health. (2015). Eating and activity guidelines for New Zealand adults.https://www.health.govt.nz/system/files/documents/publications/eating-activity-guidelines-for-new-zealand-adults-oct15_0.pdf

Journal Article:

Vogels, A. G. C., Crone, M. R., Hoekstra, F., & Reijneveld, S. A. (2009). Comparing three short questionnaires to detect psychosocial dysfunction among primary school children: a randomized method. BMC Public Health, 9, 489. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-9-489

Online Journal:

Jenet, B.L. (2006). A meta-analysis on online social behavior. Journal of Internet Psychology, 4. http://www. Journalofinternetpsychology.com/archives/volume4/3924.html.

Article from a Database:

Bailey, N. W. (2012). Evolutionary models of extended phenotypes. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 27(3), 561-569. https://doi.org/10.1037/rev0000126

Online Forums, Discussion Lists, or Newsgroups:

Online Forum Post

Little, J. [j450n_l]. (2018, December 12). I'm the first person in the world with a neural-enabled prosthetic hand. Using an specialized prosthetic and a device implanted [Online forum post]. Reddit. https://www.reddit.com/r/AMA/comments/a5jxbe/im_the_first_person_in_the_world_with_a/

Online Forum Comment

Gates, B. [thisisbillgates]. (2017, February 27). Philanthropy is small as a part of the overall economy so it can’t do things like fund health care or [Comment on the online forum post I’m Bill Gates, co-chair of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Ask me anything.]. Reddit. https://www.reddit.com/r/IAmA/comments/5whpqs/im_bill_gates_cochair_of_the_bill_melinda_gates/dea82mk/

Magazine:

Kennedy, M. (2018, October 15). To prevent wildfires, PG&E pre-emptively cuts power to thousands in California. NPR. https://www.npr.org/2018/10/15/657468903/to-prevent-wildfires-pg-e-preemptively-cuts-power-to-thousands-in-california
Note: put volume, issue, and page number before URL if given.

Thesis, Dissertation:

Santoso, G.A. (1993). Faktor-faktor sosial-psikologis yang berpengaruh terhadap tindakan orang- tua untuk melanjutkan pendidikan anak ke sekolah lanjutan tingkat pertama (Studi lapangan di pedesaan Jawa Barat dengan analisis model persamaan struktural) [Disertasi doktoral, Program Pascasarjana]. Universitas Indonesia.

Research Report:

Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics. (2013). America’s children: key national indicators of well-being. http://childstats.gov/americaschildren/index2.asp.

Encyclopedia, Dictionary:

King, P.N., & Wester L. (1998). Hawaii. In The world book encyclopedia (Vol. 9, pp. 88-110). World Book.

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2.8. Figures and Tables

Both regular and invited theme articles may not contain more than a total of 5 tables and figures. Editorials are limited to 2 tables or figures (total). Figures and tables must be referred to using arabic numbers in order of their appearance in the text (e.g., Figure 1, Figure 2, Table 1, Table 2, etc.).

Tables should be created using the table function of a text processing program and using spreadsheets are not allowed. Please include only important data and format the table to appear in the text. Each table should fit on one page of the manuscript and have a short, self-explanatory title without reference to the text. Footnotes can be used to explain symbols or abbreviations that appear in tables. Do not duplicate data in tables and figures.

(one blank single space line, 10 point font)
Table 1. Number of Testing of WFF Triple NA=15 or NA=8(9 pt, bold)
(one blank single space line, 6 pt)

Table 1

Please note that the figure requirements for initial online submission (peer review) and replication in the journal are different. We recommend that you first embed the figure in the word processing file or upload it individually as a low resolution image (.jpg, .tif, or .gif files).

However, if you submit a revised manuscript, you must provide a high-resolution .tif file for duplication in the journal (1200 d.p.i, for line drawings, 300 d.p.i .for color and raster graphics). We recommend that you take a high resolution image first, as it can be easily converted to a low resolution image for online submission. The figure legend must be entered separately from the figure in the body. For more information on preparing to publish your figures can be located at Digital Art Support page

If possible, the figure should be sent in the desired final size, corresponding to a single (88 mm) or up to double (180 mm) column width. All letters and numbers displayed in a particular drawing must be the same size and proportional to the overall dimensions to the drawing. Character labels used in diagrams must be capitalized in both the diagram and the legend. The journal reserves the right to reduce the size of illustrative material.

(two single space, 10 pt)

Figure 1

(one single space, 6 point font)
Figure 1. The Interaction of Job Insecurity and Employability against Work Satisfactory on Outsourced Employees (9 pt, bold)

Each figure requires a separate legend that clearly identifies all the symbols and abbreviations used. The legend should be concise, straight forward and contain enough information to be understood without reference to the text.

Note: All tables and figures reproduced from previously published manuscripts must cite the original source (figure legend or table footnote) and be accompanied by a letter of approval from the publisher or copyright owner

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2.9. Proofs

Page proofs will be emailed as an Acrobat PDF file to the corresponding author. Adobe Acrobat Reader DC, which is required to view this type of file, is available for free download. Please double-check the content, tables, legends, and references. Within one day after receipt, proofs must be returned. If this term is surpassed, the editors and publisher reserve the right to proceed with publishing. At this point, only typographical errors can be fixed; significant modifications to the content will not be permitted.

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2.10. Language Editing

Language editing ensures, if your main language is not English, that the content of your paper can be fully understood by reviewers and journal editors. This language editing process does not guarantee that the manuscript will be accepted for publication. For more information about this service, you can contact the language editing service at LBI, FIB, University of Indonesia via email at . The cost of this service is entirely borne by the author.

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3. Journal Publishing Agreement

Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia is currently licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

In order for Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia to publish and disseminate research manuscripts, we need publishing rights. This is determined by a publishing agreement between the author and Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia. This publishing agreement deals with the transfer or license of the copyright to Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia and authors retain significant rights to use and share their own published articles. For submitted manuscripts, Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia is granted the following rights:

  1. The exclusive right to publish and distribute manuscripts, and grant rights to others, in open access.
  2. The right to provide the manuscripts in all forms and media, so they can be used on the later issues.
  3. The authority to enforce the rights in the manuscript, on behalf of an author, for example in the case of plagiarism or in copyright infringement.

Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia is pledged to its authors to protect and defend their research and takes allegations of infringement, plagiarism, ethic disputes and fraud. Moreover, this means that your manuscript can assure attribution of your work, by making sure you are identified as the author, and you can act as stewards of the scholarly record on your research.

If you as an author choose to assign copyright with Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia, as part of the publication process, you will be asked to sign a Journal Publishing Agreement after your manuscript has gone through peer-review process, been accepted and sent to production.

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4. Open Access Policy

In the spirit of disseminating empirical research, exchanging knowledge and discussing new theoretical advancement, Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia provides immediate open access to its content.

Articles published in Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia are under Creative Commons licenses. But in any case, if your article contains material for which you don't have Open Access re-use consents, kindly express this by providing the accompanying credit line close to the material, such as: title of content, author, original publication, year of original publication, by permission of [the rights owner]. These materials we are referring to here such as image or content which is not covered by Creative Commons license. Please contact the rights owner to obtain the permission to reuse.

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5. Permissions For Illustrations And Figures

When the author is planning to use any third party material, such as figures or tables, the author is obligated to ask for the permission from the copyright owner. Author has to follow any requirement given by the copyright owner.

The permission asked to copyright owner has to include the following:

  1. Non-exclusive rights to use or replicate the material (author has to mention which article and journal the author’s going to publish the material).
  2. The right to use the material in any form or medium, especially in electronic form.
  3. The right to use the material within no time restriction.
  4. World-wide English-language rights.

After obtaining the permission, the author should include the statement of proof from the copyright owner in the following article or paperwork, either in the relevant legend/ footnote/ appendix. The author also has to provide the Editorial Office with copies of the relevant paperwork.