The focus of the current study is to examine the nature of the relationship of goal orientation with psychological birth order. Likewise, it also looked into the ability of psychological birth order to influence the endorsement of achievement goals (mastery-approach and avoidance; performance- approach and avoidance). A total of 220 high school students engaged in shadow education answered the White-Campbell Psychological Birth Order Inventory (PBOI) and the Achievement Goal Questionnaire (AGQ). Based on the regression analysis performed, only the pairing of psychological birth order and performance-approach is significant while those of psychological birth order, mastery-approach, mastery-avoidance, and performance-avoidance are not significant. Further analysis revealed that those who are psychologically firstborns tend to endorse the mastery-approach goal orientation while those who are psychologically youngest or lastborn endorses mastery-avoidance.

Bahasa Abstract

Fokus dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menguji sifat hubungan orientasi tujuan dengan urutan kelahiran psikologis. Demikian juga, itu juga melihat ke dalam kemampuan urutan kelahiran psikologis untuk mempengaruhi pengesahan tujuan pencapaian (penguasaan-pendekatan dan penghindaran; kinerja-pendekatan dan penghindaran). Sebanyak 220 siswa sekolah menengah yang terlibat dalam pendidikan bayangan menjawab Inventarisasi Kelahiran Psikologis White-Campbell (PBOI) dan Angket Sasaran Pencapaian (AGQ). Berdasarkan analisis regresi yang dilakukan, hanya pasangan urutan kelahiran psikologis dan pendekatan kinerja yang signifikan sedangkan pasangan urutan psikologis, penguasaan-pendekatan, penguasaan-penghindaran, dan kinerja-penghindaran tidak signifikan. Analisis lebih lanjut mengungkapkan bahwa mereka yang secara psikologis anak sulung cenderung mendukung orientasi tujuan penguasaan-pendekatan sementara mereka yang secara psikologis paling muda atau yang terakhir lahir mendukung penguasaan-penghindaran.


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