Prosocial behaviour has been regarded as a necessity for a society to function well. The present study aimed to examine the relationship between emotional competence, interpersonal relationship and prosocial behaviour among 496 school-going adolescents in Malaysia. The subjects were selected using Multistage Cluster Sampling method. Profile of Emotional Competence (PEC), Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment Scale (IPPA) and Strength and Difficulties Questionnaires (SDQ) were used to measure emotional competence, interpersonal relationship with peers and adolescents’ prosocial behaviour respectively. The results showed that there were significant positive relationships among emotional competence, interpersonal relationship with peers and prosocial behaviour. Further analysis revealed that adolescents who reported having higher emotional competence tend to have a better interpersonal relationship with peers which in turn led to higher involvement in prosocial behaviour. Emotional competence and interpersonal relationship with peers are thus established as two important factors to promote prosocial behaviour among adolescents.

Bahasa Abstract

Perilaku prososial telah dianggap sebagai kebutuhan bagi masyarakat untuk berfungsi dengan baik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji hubungan antara kecekapan emosional, hubungan interpersonal dan perilaku prososial antara 496 remaja yang sedang bersekolah di Malaysia. Subjek dipilih menggunakan metode Multistage Cluster Sampling. Profile of Emotional Competence (PEC), Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment Scale (IPPA) dan Strength and Difficulties Questionnaires (SDQ) digunakan untuk mengukur kecekapan emosional, hubungan interpersonal dengan teman sebaya dan perilaku prososial remaja. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada hubungan positif yang signifikan antara kecekapan emosional, hubungan interpersonal dengan teman sebaya dan perilaku prososial. Analisis lebih lanjut mengungkapkan bahwa remaja yang dilaporkan memiliki kecekapan emosional yang lebih tinggi cenderung memiliki hubungan interpersonal yang lebih baik dengan teman sebaya yang mengarah pada keterlibatan yang lebih tinggi dalam perilaku prososial. Dengan demikian, kecekapan emosional dan hubungan interpersonal dengan teman sebaya ditetapkan sebagai dua faktor penting untuk mempromosikan perilaku prososial di kalangan remaja.


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