Anxiety, especially social anxiety, is the most common mental health issue among Malaysian adolescents, and parenting styles have been suggested to play a crucial role in the development of adolescents’ anxiety symptoms. Therefore, this paper investigates the relationship between Malaysian adolescents’ perceptions of their parents’ parenting styles and their measured level of social anxiety, including differences by age and race. A total of 327 adolescents from international and national secondary schools in Selangor participated in this study. The Parental Perception Questionnaire and Kutcher Generalized Social Anxiety Disorder Scale for Adolescents were used to measure the adolescents’ perceptions of parenting styles and social anxiety, respectively. The results showed no significant correlations between parenting styles and social anxiety. In addition, parenting styles did not significantly predict the adolescents’ social anxiety. However, there were significant racial and age group differences in the categories of parenting style and levels of social anxiety. In conclusion, the parenting style received by Malaysian adolescents was not significantly related to their social anxiety. Interventions should focus on high-risk groups of adolescents (i.e., Malay adolescents and those aged 15–16 years old) to reduce their social anxiety.

Bahasa Abstract

Kecemasan adalah masalah kesehatan mental yang paling umum di kalangan remaja Malaysia, terutama kecemasan sosial. Pola pengasuhan memainkan peran penting dalam perkembangan gejala kecemasan di kalangan remaja. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat hubungan antara pola pengasuhan yang dirasakan remaja dan kecemasan sosial serta perbedaan budaya yang ada di Malaysia. Sebanyak 327 remaja dari sekolah menengah internasional dan nasional di Kuala Lumpur berpartisipasi dalam penelitian ini. Kuesioner persepsi pola asuh orangtua dan skala gangguan kecemasan sosial umum untuk remaja digunakan untuk mengukur persepsi pola pengasuhan dan kecemasan sosial. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tidak ada korelasi yang signifikan untuk pola pengasuhan dan kecemasan sosial. Selain itu, pola pengasuhan tidak secara signifikan memprediksi kecemasan sosial remaja. Namun, ada perbedaan ras dan kelompok usia yang signifikan pada pola pengasuhan dan tingkat kecemasan sosial remaja di Malaysia. Kesimpulannya, pola pengasuhan yang diterima oleh remaja mungkin bukan penyebab utama kecemasan sosial mereka di Malaysia. Intervensi harus lebih fokus pada kelompok remaja berisiko tinggi (Melayu dan mereka yang berusia 15-16 tahun) dalam mengurangi kecemasan sosial mereka.


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