The widespread use of the internet has produced both positive and negative impacts. Among the latter is internet addiction (IA). The worldwide prevalence of this addiction has been measured at approximately 6%, although the specific prevalence in Indonesia is uncertain because no validated instrument to measure IA has been developed for the Indonesian context. Hence, screen time was used in this study as an alternative measure of the magnitude of IA in Indonesia, where more than 6 hours is considered risk for IA. Researchers measured internet screen time (IST) and potential related factors in adolescents. The subjects of this cross-sectional study were 200 junior and senior high school students in Jakarta, Indonesia, who completed a questionnaire assessing IST and related factors. IST duration was divided into two categories: short (<6 hours/day) and long (>6 hours/day). Out of 200 students, 68 (34%) had long ISTs, with related factors being senior high education, positive perception of IA, and excessive body mass index. The percentage of students with long ISTs was quite high. A valid and reliable diagnostic tool for IA is a necessity. Prompt prevention is necessary to prevent adolescent IA, especially in higher-risk adolescents.

Bahasa Abstract

Penggunaan luas dari Internet memiliki dampak positif maupun negatif, diantaranya adiksi internet (AI). Prevalensi adiksi internet di seluruh dunia sekitar 6%, sementara di Indonesia masih diperdebatkan dikarenakan keterbatasan instrumen pengukuran adiksi internet yang masih dalam tahap pengembangan. Maka digunakan metode alternatif untuk mengukur AI yaitu durasi penggunaan internet (DPI) dimana DPI lebih dari 6 jam berhubungan dengan AI. Peneliti ingin mengukur besaran masalah AI di Indonesia melalui DPI beserta faktor yang berhubungan pada remaja. Studi potong lintang melibatkan siswa SMP dan SMA di Jakarta yang mengisi kuesioner yang menanyakan DPI dan faktor yang berkaitan. Durasi dibagi menjadi dua; pendek (6 jam/hari). Dari 200 siswa, 68 (34%) memiliki DPI lama dengan faktor yang berhubungan antara lain tingkat pendidikan SMA, persepsi mengenai adiksi internet yang baik, dan indeks massa tubuh berlebih. Persentase DPI lama masih cukup tinggi di Jakarta. Oleh sebab itu, instrumen diagnostik yang valid dan terpercaya sangat dibutuhkan. Tindakan pencegahan yang dini dibutuhkan untuk mencegah AI, khususnya pada remaja dengan risiko yang lebih tinggi.



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