Guidelines For Authors

This guideline is in accordance with the “Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals,” published by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).


Manuscript(s) relevant to surgery are accepted, including original article (reports of original investigation), such as randomized control trials (RCT), observational study, systematic review and meta analyses, evidence based case report, qualitative research, synthesis of qualitative research, diagnostic/prognostic studies, quality improvement, animal pre–clinical studies, statistical analyses and method in field of surgery, surgical procedure, and basic science. Letter to editor and comment / and or response to a published manuscript with an opinion included is also accepted.


The author is refer to those who met the criteria in the ICMJE Recommendations, i.e.: a) contributes substantially to the concept and study design, b) acquisitions, analyze, interpreting the data, c) drafting the article or critical revising the intellectual content, d) final approving the article to be published, and e) accountable for all aspects of the study in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of the content of the article is investigated and resolved appropriately. All of author have to sign a statement as the evidence that he or she met the criteria of authorship according to the ICMJE Recommendations. Any change in authorship following the process of submission should be approved and signed by all authors.


In method section of the manuscript, please provide a statement that the study protocol was approved by ethics committees and that all human participants gave written informed consent, if applicable. The regulation is also applied to animal study.


The submitted article have never been submitted to other journal and or publication. The submission will be carried out digitally using electronic mail to the editor; temporarily as long the website is processed to be provided. Though, a separate cover letter file in submission is not needed. Instead, a complete information of authors should be provided, i.e.: full name (including complete title), institution, and full address (mailing address, phone and fax, and email of each author). Submission of a hardcopy is not advisable and will not be responded.

Electronic Files and Figures

All text, references, figure legends, and tables should be provided in A4 paper typed with 12pt of Times new Roman in one double–spaced Microsoft Word document (.doc and .docx). Figures and tables should be inserted in the end of text file with low resolution of 200 dpi. A high resolution figures of 300–600 dpi up to 24–bit color in joint photographic experts group (.jpeg or .jpg) format is required in final editing for printing purpose, and will be asked to be sent by editor’s request. Legends for all figures should be included in the file with the text and should not appear on the figures.

File types other than Word such as Adobe Acrobat portable document format (.pdf), WordPerfect (.wpd), text (.txt) documents, or rich text format (.rtf) are not accepted for temporarily.

Abstract and Keywords

An informative abstract should be provided not more than 250 words. It consist of structured abstract with four paragraphs, i.e. background, methods, results, and conclusions. It briefly describes, respectively, the problem being addressed in the study, how the study was done, the important results, and what is concluded from the study. Keywords of 4–8 words is required and should be relevant, and written in accordance to standard medical subject heading (MeSH).

The Contents of Article

A structured article format should be written consist of introduction, methods, results and discussion, respectively.


This vital section of an article consist a focused to problem(s) or a gap between what is known and what is unknown; supported by valid and recent literatures. This should accommodate why the authors start the study explaining the justification for doing the study, and research question as well as aim and hypothesis. Those are written briefly in maximum of one page.


This section consist of study design which is written in sentences with no bulleted format, provide clear information population and sample, inclusion and exclusion, sampling, and intervention.

Some guidelines may provide beneficial to authors, are:

Study design Guidelines

  • Randomized control trials (RCT) CONSORT http://www.consort-statement.org/
  • Observational study STROBE http://www.strobe-statement.org/
  • Systematic review and meta analyses PRISMA http://www.prisma-statement.org/
  • Case report CARE http://www.care-statement.org/
  • Qualitative research COREQ http://www.equator-network.org
  • Synthesis of qualitative research ENTREQ http://www.equator-network.org
  • Diagnostic/Prognostic studies STARD, TRIPOD http://www.equator-network.org/reporting-guidelines/stard/
  • Quality improvement SQUIRE http://www.squire-statement.org
  • Animal pre–clinical studies ARRIVE https://www.nc3rs.org.uk/arrive-guidelines
  • Statistical analyses and method SAMPL http://www.equator-network.org

Figures and Tables

For original articles, there is normally a limit of 5 figures and tables (total) per manuscript. Additional figures and tables may be considered as supplements for Web–only publication.

Figures and illustrations

Medical as well as scientific illustration should be created or redrawn. Should the author place a picture cited from published material (books, journal), he or she must explicitly acquire all rights to be used and republish from the publisher.

Photograph of Patients

Should photographs of patients are placed, they should not be identifiable and should be accompanied by written permission from the subjects


Double–space tables (including any footnotes) and provide a title for each. A maximal table of 3 condition is applied.


Describing meaning of the results and compare to previous studies, also its implication in clinical practice. There’s no repetition of the results, or a new results that is not a part of findings of such a study. Criticism is a characteristic, especially with respect to subject characteristic belongs to Indonesian population. Avoid to put statement that is not supported by reference adequately. Limitation of a study is also include instead of hiding the weakness and negative results.


Appreciation should be addressed to those who contributes and assisting such a study, but he or she was not involved in the study. Assistance of the third party who are dealing financially for such assistance should not be mentioned in this section.

Journal Style

Article submitted to the journal should be written in English with a good grammar. Words and sentences should be concise, and avoid the use of verbose one. The use of jargon and big words is not advisable. Use the capital letter and punctuation properly in accordance to English. Authors are encouraged to view Strunk and White's Elements of Style.


Except for units of measurement, abbreviations are strongly discouraged. Except for units of measurement, the first time an abbreviation appears, it should be preceded by the words for which it stands.

Drug Names, Materials

Generic names should be applied. If proprietary brand is used in the study, include the brand name and the name of the manufacturer in parentheses after the first mention of the generic name in the Methods section.


The reference is written according to International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), using Vancouver style, but not Harvard style. Numbers is applied based on the first cited in the text. When a journal is cited, use standard abbreviation in accordance to index medicus as it used in MEDLINE (http://www2.bg.am.poznan.pl/czasopisma/medicus.php?lang=eng). Authors will also advise to avoid a personal communication to be placed in the reference. A maximum 25 reference of the last five years is advisable.

Conflict of Interest

Authors should disclose any financial arrangement they may have with a company whose product is pertinent to the submitted manuscript or those who provide a competing product. Any information will be held confidentially. As the manuscript accepted for publication, a disclosure statement will appear with the article.


The Journal copyrights the published articles. Any citation and reproduce the content and material (text, table, and figures) should be completed by permission of the Journal.

Review of Article

Manuscripts will be examined by the editorial staff and reviewers. After the review and a completion of editorial decision–making process editor will let all authors receive notification of acceptance by e–mail.