Author Guidelines

Submission of Manuscript

Manuscripts for submission should be complete in all respects, original in content, and have not previously published or being considered for publication elsewhere. All manuscripts must be written in English, complete with tables and/or figures, and should be submitted to the MJHR manuscript submission website. The preferred format is as a MS Word (Windows) document. If accepted, the manuscript must not be published elsewhere in the same form, either in English or another language, without the consent of the Editor and Publisher. Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a Journal Publishing Agreement (JPA).

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Style of Manuscript

Manuscripts must be on A4 paper, with margins of 2.5cm on all four sides, the font should be12-point Times New Roman and double-spaced. Manuscripts should be ordered as follows:

  • Page 1 must contain a complete and succinct title; first name, middle initial, and surname of each author; affiliations, mailing address, phone number, fax number, and email addresses of all authors for editorial correspondence regarding the manuscript and reprint requests.
  • Page 2 should contain the ‘Abstract' with no more than 200 words. The abstract should be structured and include the background, methods, results, and conclusions. The abstract should be followed by 3 to 6 keywords.
  • Page 3 onwards should include the following sections: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, Acknowledgments (if any), Funding, Conflict of Interest Statement, References, Tables, and Figures. Begin each section on a new page and ensure page numbers are visible in the centre at the bottom of each page, with the title page numbered as 1. All pages should be numbered consecutively and submitted as a single document. All statistical methods used for analysis should be described in detail in the methods section of the manuscript. Avoid relying solely on statistical hypothesis testing, such as p-values, which may fail to convey important information about study outcomes. Define all statistical terms, abbreviations, and symbols and specify which computer software was used.

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Figures and Tables

Each illustration should be numbered consecutively using Arabic numbers and accompanied by a legend describing it. All illustrations must be submitted in a format suitable for reproduction across either a single column or an entire page. Each table should be clearly titled and labelled with a comprehensive legend. Tables should be numbered separate to illustrations using Arabic numbers i.e. Table 1, 2 etc. Statistical measures of variation such as SD and SEM etc. should be identified. Tables and graphics should be provided separately from the main text. Captions for the graphic content should be written below each figure and the title should be written above the table. Written permission must be obtained to reproduce any graphics content from another author and their publisher. Colour figures are accepted in certain circumstances, provided that the author is willing to cover the cost of publication.

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References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text, and should be kept to an appropriate minimum. References should include the beginning and end page numbers of the journal in which it is cited from. References used in the text, tables, and figures should be identified with Arabic numbers. Abbreviations of journal names should conform to the Index Medicus guidelines and manuscripts written in languages other than English should be limited. List all authors names if there are six or less; when there are seven or more authors list the first six authors followed by et al. Websites are not to be cited in the reference list but may be cited within the text or in the table as a footnote. The authors are responsible for correct citation of the references used within their article. Examples of acceptable references are given below:

Journal article

  1. Chu CH, Lo EC, You DS. Clinical diagnosis of fissure caries with conventional and laser-induced fluorescence techniques. Lasers Med Sci. 2010;25:355-62.
  2. Maharani DA, Rahardjo A. Mothers' Dental Health Behaviors and Mother-Child's Dental Caries Experiences: Study of a Suburb Area in Indonesia. Makara Journal of Health Research. 2013;162:72-6.
  1. Meshitsuka S. The influence of aluminium on the expression of genes. Proceedings of the world medical conference; Valletta, Malta, Valletta: WSEAS Press; 2001. p.20-21.
  2. Larsen CE, Trip R, Johnson CR. Methods for procedures related to the electrophysiology of the heart. US Patent No. 5529067, 1995 Jun 25.
  3. American Osteopathic Association (USA). Foundations of osteopathic medicine. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 2010.
  4. World Health Organization. World health report - health system financing: the path to universal coverage. New York: World Health Organization, 2010.

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Use of Abbreviations and Acronyms

Acronyms and abbreviations are words that use either the first letter of multiple words, or a shortened form of the original word. They are commonly used to help readers understand more complex terms in a scientific document and for ease of reading; a commonly used acronym is WHO for the World Health Organisation. To help authors in the use of abbreviations and acronyms in their articles, the Makara Journal of Health Research adheres to the following guidelines:

  1. Do not use abbreviations or acronyms in the title of your article unless the subject is widely known and the abbreviation is commonly used, such as HIV or AIDS.
  2. Always explain or spell out the acronym or abbreviation the first time it is used in the body of your paper.
  3. Standard abbreviations for units of measurement or chemical names that a widely accepted within the scientific community do not need to be spelled out at any point in the paper.
  4. Avoid using abbreviations or acronyms in the abstract of your paper unless you use it multiple times. If you do use an acronym in your abstract be sure you define it in the abstract and define it again the first time it is used within the body of the paper.
  5. Only define the abbreviation or acronym once within the body of the paper.
  6. Acronyms and abbreviations should be kept to a minimum in figures and image captions. It is best to spell out the names entirely for readers who may be scanning the document before deciding on reading the whole paper.

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Conclusions should be written in a short paragraph.

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Personal acknowledgements should be limited to appropriate professionals who contributed to the paper, including technical help, and general support by a department chairperson.

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All sources of funding for the research reported should be declared.

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Proofs will be sent to the authors by e-mail. Only minor changes are allowed and printer's errors must be corrected; no change or additions to the edited manuscript will be allowed at this stage. The corrected proofs must be returned within 2 (two) days of receipt, preferably by e-mail. If the Editor receives no reply after 1 (one) week, they will assume that there are no errors to correct and the article will be published after in-house revision.

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Ten copies of the journal will be given to the corresponding author free of charge. The author will be charged for any additional copies.

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Author's Digital Identifier

From January 1, 2017, it's compulsory for all authors submitting papers to MJHR to provide (preferred sequence): Scopus Author ID (scopus.com) or ORCID iD (orcid.org) or LiveDNA iD (livedna.net) or Google Scholar Citation public profile or Researchgate profile (researchgate.net) before final publication of their articles. These digital identifiers shall provide profiles of author's research activities and publications to distinguish themselves.

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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The authors' attest that the manuscript, or portions of the manuscript, has not been previously published and that they have not released publishing rights of the article to a third party.
  2. If the study involves human subjects, the authors declare that they have carried out their research in accordance with the ethical standards of the Helsinki Declaration. Similarly, if animals are involved in the research process, the authors have followed the guidelines relating to experiments on animals.
  3. The authors have checked that their manuscript thoroughly complies with the guidelines set by the MJHR.

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Copyright Notice

The copyright of the received article shall be assigned to the journal as the publisher of the journal. The intended copyright includes the right to publish the article in various forms (including reprints). The journal maintains the publishing rights to the published articles.

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Privacy Statement

Names and email addresses submitted to the MJHR will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

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Article Template

Click here to download the template (MS Word).

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