Publication Ethics

Statement on Liability

All authors of scientific research and medical publications must take greater care as a result of the legislation on product responsibility. This is especially true for articles and publications that include dosage information and/or therapeutic dosing guidance. We thus ask that after your manuscript has been copyedited and returned to authors in the form of galley proofs, the authors should carefully review the factual accuracy of its contents for your personal benefit as well. The author is responsible for ensuring that all information and claims in the article are accurate.

Allegations of Research Misconduct

The term "research misconduct" refers to fabrication, falsification, citation manipulation, or plagiarism in the creation, performance, or review of research as well as in the authoring of articles by authors or in the reporting of study results. Editors have a duty to preserve the accuracy and integrity of the scientific record when authors are discovered to have engaged in research misconduct or other major irregularities regarding articles that have been published in scientific journals.

The Editors and Editorial Board will use COPE's best practices when investigating allegations of misconduct to help them fairly settle the situation. The Editors will also look into the claim as part of this. If such misbehavior is discovered in a manuscript that has been submitted, it will be rejected. If such misbehavior is discovered in a study that has already been published, a retraction might be released with a link to the original publication.

Assessing the validity of the claim and whether it complies with the definition of research misconduct constitutes the first step. This first phase also entails figuring out whether the people who are accused of misbehavior have pertinent conflicts of interest.

Allegations are discussed with the corresponding author, who is asked to respond in-depth on behalf of all coauthors if there is a chance that there was scientific misconduct or other significant research abnormalities. Following receipt and evaluation of the response, further examination and consultation with subject-matter specialists (such as statisticians) may be sought. Clarifications, new analyses, or both, published as letters to the editor, frequently including a correction notice and revision to the published article, are sufficient in situations where it is unlikely that wrongdoing has taken place.

Institutions are expected to investigate claims of scientific misconduct properly and completely. The accuracy of the scientific record must ultimately be ensured by authors, journals, and organizations. JDI will continue to carry out the duties of ensuring the validity and integrity of the scientific record by responding appropriately to concerns about scientific misconduct and taking necessary actions based on evaluation of these concerns, such as corrections, retractions with replacement, and retractions.

Authorship and Contributorship

Based on standards established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, authors should be given credit for their work. The following contributions from each author were necessary for the manuscript to be completed are: Significant contributions to idea and design, data collection, data analysis, and data interpretation; Drafting the article or critically reviewing it for key intellectual content; and final approval of the published version.


Confidentiality of all submitted manuscripts and all communication with authors and reviewers will be kept by all the editors of JDI. The authors are also expected to treat the communication with the journal as confidential. Communication between the journal, reviewers reports and other material related to the manuscript process in the journal are also have to be kept confidential and must not be posted on any website or the publicized without prior permission from the editors. This applies to all manuscript, regardless the publication status (rejected of published).

Conflict of Interest

The authors who submitted their manuscript to the journal have to disclose all sources of financial that are related to the manuscript. Also disclosure of any potential conflicts of interests that may be related to the manuscript. The statement from authors related to this will be written in a heading of “Conflict of Interest” in the article.

Complaints and Conflict of Interest Resolution

The JDI will take all questions or complaints in relation to authors inconveniences or disservice about any aspect of their interaction with JDI. The complaints should be sent through the Editor in Chief by email at jdentistry@ui.ac.id. Responses would be based on finding solutions on the problems that have arisen to resolve the matter.

Conflicts of any type regarding the published material are arbitrated impartially by giving both the author and the whistleblower the opportunity to present relevant evidence in support of their respective claims before a decision is reached about whether to accept the content or reject/retract it.

Ethical Statement

This journal adheres to the ethical standards described by the Committee on Publication Ethics and the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Authors are expected to adhere to these standards. For all manuscripts reporting data from studies involving human or animal participants, formal review and approval, or formal review and waiver (exemption), by an appropriate institutional review board (IRB) or ethics committee is required, as well as any necessary participant consent, and should be described in the Methods section with the full name of the reviewing entity. All clinical trials must be registered in a public trials registry. Denote the registry and registry number.

For original research manuscripts reporting experiments on live vertebrates and/or higher invertebrates, the corresponding author must confirm that all experiments were performed in accordance with relevant guidelines and regulations. The manuscript must include a statement identifying the institutional and/or licensing committee approving the experiments, including any relevant details. Manuscripts that reveal a lack of proper ethical consideration for human subjects or experimental animals will not be accepted for publication.

The JDI follows the guidelines from the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) regarding all aspects of publication ethics and, in particular, how to handle cases of research and publication misconduct. The authors must declare that all experiments on human subjects were conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki and that all procedures were performed with the adequate understanding and written consent of the subjects. The authors must also certify that formal approval to conduct the experiments described was obtained from the human subjects review board of their institution and could be provided upon request. For experiments involving human subjects, authors must identify the committee approving the experiments and include with their submission a statement confirming that informed consent was obtained from all subjects.

The JDI follows the standard level of Evidence for Primary Research and Reporting Guidelines which are:

CONSORT for reporting randomized controlled trials

PRISMA for Systematic reviews and meta-analyses

STROBE for Observational studies in epidemiology

ARRIVE for Animal Research: Reporting of In Vivo Experiments

The JDI adapts the COPE guidelines to satisfy the high-quality standards of ethics for authors, editors, and reviewers:

Duties of Authors

Author(s) should affirm that the material has not been previously published and that they have not transferred elsewhere any rights to the article.

Author(s) should ensure the originality of the work and that they have properly cited others’ work in accordance with the reference format.

Author(s) should not engage in plagiarism or in self-plagiarism.

Author(s) should ensure that they follow the authorship criteria based on the description explained in the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).

Author(s) should suggest no personal information that might make the identity of the patient recognizable in any form of description, photograph or pedigree. When photographs of the patient were essential and indispensable as scientific information, the author(s) have received consent in written form and have clearly stated as much.

In the case of experimenting on humans, the authors have certified that the research process is in accordance with the ethical standards of the Helsinki Declaration and the domestic and foreign committees that preside over the human experiment. If any doubts are raised whether the research proceeded in accordance with the declaration, the author(s) should explain it. In the case of experimenting on animals, the authors have certified that they followed the domestic and foreign guidelines related to experimentation on animals in a laboratory.

Author(s) should provide the editor with the data and details of the work if there are suspicions of data falsification or fabrication.

Author(s) should clarify everything that may cause a conflict of interests such as work, research expenses, consultant expenses, and intellectual property.

Duties of Editors

Editors are responsible for every article published in JDI.

Editors should help authors to follow the instructions for authors according to ICMJE.

Editors may communicate with other editors or reviewers in making the final decision.

An editor must evaluate the manuscript objectively for publication, judging each on its quality without considering the nationality, ethnicity, political beliefs, race, religion, gender, seniority, or institutional affiliation of the authors. Editors should decline any assignment when there is a potential for conflict of interest.

Editors must ensure the document sent to the reviewers does not contain information on the author, and vice versa.

Editors’ decisions should be provided to the authors accompanied by the reviewers’ comments unless they contain offensive or libelous remarks.

Editors should respect requests from authors that an individual should not review the submission if such requests are well reasoned and practicable.

Editors and all staff members should guarantee the confidentiality of the submitted manuscript.

Editors will be guided by the COPE flowcharts if there is suspected misconduct or disputed authorship.

Duties of Reviewers

Reviewers should comment on ethical questions and possible research and publication misconduct.

Reviewers will perform the work in a timely manner and should notify the editor if they cannot complete the work.

Reviewers must keep the confidentiality of the manuscript.

Reviewers should not agree to review manuscripts in which there is a potential conflict of interest between them and any of the authors.

Intellectual Property

The JDI policy about intelectual property or copyright is describe at: https://scholarhub.ui.ac.id/jdi/policies.html#copyright

Peer-Review Process

The JDI peer-review process is described at https://scholarhub.ui.ac.id/jdi/policies.html#peerreview

Post-Publication Discussions and Corrections

The JDI accepts discussion and corrections on published articles by readers. In case the reader giving discussions and corrections toward a published article, the reader can contact the Editor in Chief by email (jdentistry@ui.ac.id) by explaining the discussions and corrections.

If accepted (by Editor in Chief), the discussions and correction will be published in next issue as Letter to Editor. Respected Authors can reply/answer the discussions and corrections from the reader by sending the reply to Editor in Chief. Furthermore, Editors will publish the answer as Reply to Letter to Editor.