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Abstract

Many of the discussions about legal education in Indonesia are similar to the ones conducted in other countries. They reflect the tension between a liberal legal education on the one hand and a vocational training on the other, as well as the tension between a legal education preparing students for legal practice and one preparing them for a broad range of generalist positions. However, we argue that legal education in Indonesia is also marred by problems of the legal system itself and by a lack of communication between its constituent parts – the judiciary, the legislative, the bar, public prosecutors, and legal scholars. Caused by years of authoritarian rule, these problems have resulted in an unproductive and largely misguided debate in law faculties between proponents of legal formalism and others promoting a more contextualised approach to law. Nonetheless, it is undeniable that overall the quality of legal education has improved during the past 20 years and that this process will likely continue.

Bahasa Abstract

Banyak pembahasan terkait pendidikan hukum di Indonesia serupa dengan yang dilakukan di negara lain. Pertentangan antara pendidikan hukum liberal dan pendidikan kejuruan; atau bagaimana pendidikan hukum mempersiapkan mahasiswa untuk berpraktik dan pendidikan hukum sejatinya mempersiapkan mereka untuk fungsi yang lebih luas, senantiasa tercermin dalam diskusi-diskusi tersebut. Namun demikian, kami berpendapat bahwa pendidikan hukum di Indonesia juga dinodai oleh permasalahan sistem hukum sendiri, serta kurang-nya komunikasi antara pihak-pihak yang terlibat dalam penyusunannya – yudikatif, legislatif, kejaksaan, dan sarjana hukum. Sebagian besar permasalahan tersebut disebabkan oleh pemerintahan otoriter yang telah berlangsung bertahun-tahun, yang pada akhirnya menimbulkan perdebatan yang kontra-produktif dan (sebagian besar) ‘salah arah’ di berbagai fakultas hukum - antara mereka yang mendukung formalisme hukum dan mereka yang mempromosikan pendekatan hukum yang lebih kontekstual. Meskipun demikian, tidak dapat disangkal bahwa secara keseluruhan kualitas pendidikan hukum telah meningkat selama 20 tahun terakhir dan proses ini kemungkinan akan terus berlanjut.

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