•  
  •  
 

Abstract

Raja Ampat, West Papua, Indonesia, is one among many marine tourism spots such as Derawan, Bunaken, Wakatobi and Tiga Gili. Raja Ampat is known for its diversity, rich coral reefs and marine resources. Raja Ampat’s characteristic is not only based on their beauty of marine natural resources but also its tradition, culture and living indigenous law. The existing indigenous law in Raja Ampat is called “SASI”. This tradition and living law has an important relation in sustaining tourism activities and the variety of marine activities that can be carried out in the ocean, particularly in marine protected areas on Raja Ampat. This writing is meant to analyze Sasi; to examine Sasi and its relation to economic development; and to analyze the impact of Sasi’s implementation on marine preservation for marine sustainability. It appears that Sasi’s implementation as the indigenous living law on Raja Ampat offers positive advantages including restoration and livelihood of the marine environment (incorporating with their marine natural resources). Therefore, the existence of Sasi on Raja Ampat is able to maintain the economic progress and marine environment sustainability.

References

Adhuri DS. 2013. Selling The Sea, Fishing for Power: A Study of Conflict Over Marine Tenure in Key Islands, Estern Indonesia. Canberra: ANU E Press. Anakotta ARF, Bessie D, Anakotta W. 2009. Kajian Kelembagaan Daerah Perlindungan Laut Berbasis Masyarakat dengan Kearifan Lokal di Desa Bolok. Laporan Penelitian Hibah Bersaing. Kupang: Universitas Kristen Artha Wacana. Aswani S, Furusawa T. 2007. Do marine protected areas affect human nutrition and health? A comparison between villages in Roviana, Solomon Islands. Coastal Management 35(5):545–565. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/ 08920750701593394. Aswani S, Albert S, Sabetian A. Furusawa T. 2007. Customary management as precautionary and adaptive principles for protecting coral reefs in Oceania. Coral Reefs 26:1009–1021. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00338-007-0277-z. Awwaluddin. 2015. The Role of Marine Sasi System, an Indigenous Knowledge in Managing Sustainability of Coastal Resources in Maluku Villages, Indonesia. http://id.nii.ac.jp/1342/00001198/ Caillaud A et al. 2004. Tabus or not taboos? How to use traditional environmental knowledge to support sustainable development of marine resources in Melanesia. SPC Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Information Bulletin 17:14−35. Cinner JE, Aswani S. 2007. Integrating customary management into marine conservation. Biology Conservation 140:201–216. http://dx.doi.org/10. 1016/j. biocon.2007.08.008. Cinner JE, Sutton SG, Bond TG.2007. Socioeconomic thresholds that affect use of customary fisheries management t o o l s . Conservation Biology 21(6):1603–1611. Cinner JE et al. 2012. Institutional designs of customary fisheries management arrangements in Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and Mexico. Marine Policy 36:278–285. http://dx.doi.org/10. 1016/j.marpol.2011.06.005. Cohen PJ, Foale SJ. 2013. Sustaining small-scale fisheries with periodically harvested marine reserves. Marine Policy 37:278–287. http://dx. doi.org/10.1016/j. marpol.2012.05.010. Foale S, Manele B. 2004. Social and political barriers to the use of marine protected areas for conservation and fishery management in Melanesia. Asia Pacific Viewpoint 45(3):373–386. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8373. 2004.00247.x. Handayani. 2008. Kajian terhadap bentuk-bentuk kearifan lokal dalam pengelolaan sumber daya pesisir di Kabupaten Raja Ampat. Tesis. Universitas Diponegoro. Semarang. Hickey FR, Johannes RE. 2002. Recent evolution of village-based marine resource management in Vanuatu. SPC Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Information Bulletin. Lam M. 1998. Consideration of customary marine tenure system in the establishment of marine protected areas in the South Pacific. Ocean & Coastal Management 39:97–104. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0964-5691(98) 00017-9. Larsen SN, Leisher C, Mangubhai S, Muljadi A, Tapilau R. 2011. Laporan Penilaian Desa Pesisir di Kabupaten Raja Ampat, Papua Barat, Indonesia. Sorong: The Nature Conservancy. Mansoben JR. 2003. Konservasi sumber daya alam Papua, ditinjau dari aspek budaya. Jurnal Antropologi 2(4):1–12. Mansoben JR. 2010. Kebudayaan dan pembangunan dalam kerangka otonomi khusus. In: Simposium Nasional Papua “Menuju Pembangunan Berbasis Masyarakat yang berkelanjutan”; 2010 Jakarta, April 7 9, 2010. McLeod E, Szuster B, Salm R. 2009. Sasi and marine conservation in Raja Ampat, Indonesia. Coastal Management 37(6):656–676. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/ 08920750903244143. Monk K, de Fretes Y, Reksodiharjo-Lilley G. 1997. The ecology of Nusa Tenggara and Maluku. The ecology of Indonesia Series, Volume V. EMDI. Muehlig-Hofmann A. 2007. Traditional authority and community leadership: key factors in community-based marine resource management and conservation. SPC Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Information Bulletin. Mustaghfirin et al. 2013. Buku 2 Rencana Pengelolaan Taman Pulau-pulau Kecil dan Daerah (TPPKD) Raja Ampat: Data & Analisis. Waisai: Pemerintah Daerah Kabupaten Raja Ampat Nikijuluw VPH. 1994. Sasi sebagai suatu pengelolaan sumberdaya berdasarkan komunitas (PSBK) di Pulau Saparua, Maluku. Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Laut. Novaczek I, Harkes IH, Sopacua J, Tatuhey M. 2001. An Institutional Analysis of Sasi Laut in Maluku, Indonesia, Penang: ICLARM Technical Report No. 59. Paulus Boli, et.al. 2014. Benefits of Sasi for Conservation of Marine Resources in Raja Ampat, Papua. JMHT Journal, Vol. XX, (2): 131, August 2014, DOI: 10.7226/jtfm.20.2.131. Robert Kurniawan Ruslak Hammar. 2009. Hak Ulayat Laut dalam Perspektif Otonomi Daerah di Kepulauan Kei dan Papua. Jurnal Mimbar Hukum. Volume 21, Nomor 2, Bulan Juni. Fakultas Hukum Universitas Gadjah Mada. Yogyakarta. Suntoko, et.al, 2016. Sasi Role of Tradition in the Management and Conservation of Naturak Resources As a Source of Human Life. International Journal of Education and Research. Thorburn CC. 2000. Changing customary marine resource management practice and institutions: the case of sasilola in the Kei Islands, Indonesia. World Development 28(8):1461–1479. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0305-750X(00)00039-5. Tuhulele P. 2013. Kearifan lokal masyarakat adat Maluku dalam perlindungan dan pengelolaan lingkungan hidup. Kompilasi pemikiran tentang dinamika hukum dalam masyarakat (memperingati Dies Natalis ke-50 Universitas Pattimura tahun 2013). Http://fhukum. Unpatti.ac.id/artikel/lingkungan-hidup-pengelolaan-sdadan-perlindungan-hak-hak-adat/269-kearifan-lokal-masyarakat-adat-malukudalam-perlindungan-dan-pengelolaan-lingkungan-hidup. Wahyono A et al. 2000. Hak Ulayat Laut di Kawasan Timur Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Media Pressindo, Yayasan Adikarya Ikapidan, The Ford Foundation.

Share

COinS