•  
  •  
 

Abstract

Subjective well-being in school offers myriad benefits for the overall development and well-being of students and is thus crucial. This study examines the effects of the family functioning dimensions of cohesion, flexibility, and communication on subjective well-being displayed by students on school premises. An aggregate of 475 students from five high schools in Greater Jakarta participated in this study. The Brief Adolescents’ Subjective Well-Being in School Scale was administered to measure subjective well-being in school. The Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale and the Family Communication Scale were employed to measure family functioning. The results revealed that family flexibility and family communication positively and significantly affected the subjective well-being of students. Family communication exerted a more substantial influence than the other dimensions of family functioning because it could enhance the other dimensions. Prospective studies should investigate more specific student characteristics, such as living independently without parents or living with a single parent.

References

Ardani, M. A. D. (2012). Hubungan Antara Family Functioning dan Academic Adjustment Pada Mahasiswa Baru Universitas Indonesia. Depok: Universitas Indonesia. Skripsi. Black, M. M., & Krishnakumar, A. (1998). Children in low-income, urban settings: Interventions to promote mental health and well-being. American Psychologist, 53(6), 635–646. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.53.6.635 Botha, F., & Booysen, F. (2014). Family functioning and life satisfaction and happiness in South African households. Social Indicators Research, 119(1), 163–182. Casey, B. J., Getz, S., & Galvan, A. (2008). The adolescent brain. Developmental Review, 28(1), 62–77. Casey, B. J., Getz, S., & Galvan, A. (2008). The adolescent. brain. Developmental Review, 28(1), 62–77 Casey, B. J., Getz, S., & Galvan, A. (2008). The adolescent brain. Developmental Review, 28(1), 62–77. Casey, B.J., Getz, S., & Galvan, A. (2008). The adolescent brain. Developmental Review, 28(1), 62–77. Casey, B.J., Jones, R.M., & Hare, T. (2008). The adolescent brain. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1124, 111–126. Casey, B. J., Jones, R. M., Levita, L., Libby, V., Pattwell, S. S., Ruberry, E. J.,… & Somerville, L. H. (2010). The storm and stress of adolescence: insights from human imaging and mouse genetics. Developmental Psychobiology: The Journal of the International Society for Developmental Psychobiology, 52(3), 225–235. Dai, L., & Wang, L. (2015). Review of family functioning. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 3(12), 134. DeFrain, J., Asay, S. M., & Olson, D. (2009). Family functioning. Encyclopedia of Human Relationships, 622–627. DeBiase, E. (2017). Improving well-being and behavior in adolescents utilizing a school-based positive psychology intervention. Doctoral Dissertations. 1368. https://opencommons.uconn.edu/dissertations/1368 Diener, E. (1994). Measuring subjective well-being. Progress and opportunities. Social Indicators Research 28 35–89. Fernandes, H. M., Vasconcelos-Raposo, J., Bertelli, R., & Almeida, L. (2011). Satisfac¸a˜o escolar e bemestar psicolo´gico em adolescentes portugueses. Revista Luso´fona de Educac¸a˜o, 18, 155–172 Hooghe, M., & Vanhoutte, B. (2011). Subjective well-being and social capital in Belgian communities: The impact of community characteristics on subjective well-being indicators in Belgium. Social Indicators Research, 100(1), 17–36 Howe, D., Brandon, M., Hinings, D. and Schofield (1999). Attachment Theory, Child Maltreatment and Family Support. A Practice and Assessment Model. Palgrave: Houndmlls, Basingstoke, Hampshire and New York Huebner, E. S., Gilman, R., & Laughlin, J. E. (1999). A multimethod investigation of the multidimensionality of children’s well-being reports: Discriminant validity of life satisfaction and self-esteem. Social Indicators Research, 46(1), 1–22. Huebner, E. S., Ash, C., & Laughlin, J. E. (2001). Life experiences, locus of control, and school satisfaction in adolescence. Social indicators research, 55(2), 167–183. Huebner, E. S., & Gilman, R. (2006). Students who like and dislike school. Applied Research in Quality of Life, 1, 139e150. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11482- 006-9001-3 Hui, E. K. P., & Sun, R. C. F. (2010). Chinese children’s perceived school satisfaction: the role of contextual and intrapersonal factors. Educational Psychology, 30(2), 155–172. doi:10.1080/01443410903494452) Jannah, N. M. (2016). Peran efikasi diri akademik dan kualitas persahabatan terhadap kesejahteraan subjektif pada siswa SMA Negeri X dan Y di Yogyakarta (Doctoral dissertation, Universitas Gadjah Mada). Keijsers, L., Branje, S. J., VanderValk, I. E., & Meeus, W. (2010). Reciprocal effects between parental solicitation, parental control, adolescent disclosure, and adolescent delinquency. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 20(1), 88–113. Kobak, R., Abbott, C., Zisk, A., & Bounoua, N. (2017). Adapting to the changing needs of adolescents: parenting practices and challenges to sensitive attunement. Current opinion in psychology, 15, 137–142. Kurniati, N. (2011). Tingkat keberfungsian keluarga dan subjective well-being pada remaja: tinjauan circumplex-I. Láng, A. (2018). Family structure, family functioning, and well-being in adolescence: a multidimensional approach. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science. Vol 2:2. Măirean, C., & Diaconu-Gherasim, L. R. (2018). Adolescents’ subjective well-being: The role of adolescents’ and mothers’ time perspectives. Time & Society, 0961463X17752282 McCabe, K., Bray, M. A., Kehle, T. J., Theodore, L. A., & Gelbar, N. W. (2011). Promoting happiness and life satisfaction in school children. Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 26(3), 177–192. https://doi.org/10.1177/0829573511419089 Muuss, R. (1996) Theories of Adolescence. New York: McGraw Hill. Sixth Edition Olson, D. H., & Tiesel, J. (1991). FACES II: Linear scoring and interpretation. Available from: Life Innovations, Family Inventories Project, PO Box, 190, 55440-0190. Olson, D. H. (2000). Circumplex model of marital and family systems. Journal of family therapy, 22(2), 144–167. Olson, D. H., & Barnes, H. (2004). Family communication. Minneapolis: Life Innovations. Papalia, D. E., & Martorell, G. (2014). Experience human development (13th ed). New York: McGraw-Hill Education. Park, N. (2004). The role of subjective well-being in positive youth development. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 591(1), 25–39. https://doi.org/10.1177/0002716203260078 Patrick, H., Ryan, A. M., & Kaplan, A. (2007). Early adolescents’ perceptions of the classroom social environment, motivational beliefs, and engagement. Journal of educational psychology, 99(1), 83. Pidada, I., A. (2018). Perbedaan antara tipe family functioning terhadap school-related stress coping style pada siswa SMA kelas XII di jabodetabek. Skripsi. Universitas Indonesia; Depok. Prasetyawati, W., Rifameutia, T., Newcombe, P. (2018). Adaptasi Alat Ukur Kesejahteraan Bersekolah Siswa BASWBSS di Indonesia Proctor, C. L., Linley, P. A., & Maltby, J. (2009). Youth life satisfaction: A review of the literature. Journal of happiness studies, 10(5), 583–630. Rask, K., Åstedt‐Kurki, P., Paavilainen, E., & Laippala, P. (2003). Adolescent subjective well-being and family dynamics. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 17(2), 129–138. Stang, J., & Story, M. (2005). Adolescent growth and development. Guidelines for adolescent nutrition services, 1(6). Steinberg, L. (2001). We know some things: Parent-adolescent relationships in retrospect and prospect. Journal of research on adolescence, 11(1), 1–19. Tian, L. (2008). Developing scale for school well-being in adolescents. Psychology Development and Education, 24, 100–107. Tian, L., Liu, B., Huang, S., & Huebner, E. S. (2012). Perceived social support and school well-being among Chinese early and middle adolescents: The mediational role of self-esteem. Social indicators research, 113(3), 991–1008. Tian, L., Chen, H., & Huebner, E. S. (2013). The longitudinal relationships between basic psychological needs satisfaction at school and school-related subjective well-being in adolescents. Social Indicators Research, 119(1), 353–372. Tian, L., Chen, H., & Huebner, E. S. (2014). The longitudinal relationships between basic psychological needs satisfaction at school and school-related subjective well-being in adolescents. Social Indicators Research, 119(1), 353–372. Tian, L., Wang, D., & Huebner, E. S. (2015). Development and validation of the brief adolescents’ subjective well-being in school scale (BASWBSS). Social Indicators Research, 120(2), 615–634. Tian, L., Zhao, J., & Huebner, E. S. (2015). School-related social support and subjective well-being in school among adolescents: The role of self-system factors. Journal of Adolescence, 45, 138–148. Tian, L., Pi, L., Huebner, E. S., & Du, M. (2016). Gratitude and adolescents’ subjective well-being in school: the multiple mediating roles of basic psychological needs satisfaction at school. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 1409. Tian, L., Tian, Q., & Huebner, E. S. (2016). School-related social support and adolescents’ school-related subjective well-being: The mediating role of basic psychological needs satisfaction at school. Social Indicators Research, 128(1), 105–129. Uruk, A. C., Sayger, T. V., & Cogdal, P. A. (2007). Examining the influence of family cohesion and adaptability on trauma symptoms and psychological well-being. Journal of College Student Psychotherapy, 22(2), 51–63. Van der Aa, N., Boomsma, D. I., Rebollo-messa, I., Hudziak, J. J., & Bartels, M. (2010). Moderation of genetic factors by parental divorce in adolescent evaluations of family functioning and subjective well-being. Twin Research and Human Genetic,13(2), 143–162. Yap, S. T., & Baharudin, R. (2016). The relationship between adolescents’ perceived parental involvement, self-efficacy beliefs, and subjective well-being: A multiple mediator model. Social Indicators Research, 126(1), 257–278. Yarcheski, A., Mahon, N. E., & Yarcheski, T. J. (2001). Social support and well-being in early adolescents: The role of mediating variables. Clinical Nursing Research, 10(2), 163–181 Žukauskienė, R. (2013). Adolescence and well-being. Handbook of child well-being: Theories, methods and policies in global perspective, 1713–1738.

Share

COinS
 
 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.