The environmental aspect is a vital issue because it is closely related to economic activities that drive the rate of economic growth. Environmental aspects in this study are environmental degradation and natural resource rent. Natural resource rent is still considered a curse or a blessing for a country. Therefore, this study aims to determine the effect of environmental aspects in terms of environmental degradation and natural resource rent. In addition, in this study, foreign direct investment and life expectancy were also selected to determine their effect on economic growth. This study took a sample of 5 countries in the ASEAN+ 5 region using panel data analysis for the period 1990 to 2018. The results obtained were environmental degradation, natural resource rents and foreign direct investment had a significant positive effect on economic growth. Life expectancy does not significantly affect economic growth.

Bahasa Abstract

Aspek lingkungan merupakan persoalan vital karena erat kaitannya dengan kegiatan perekonomian yang mendorong laju pertumbuhan ekonomi. Aspek lingkungan dalam penelitian ini adalah degradasi lingkungan dan natural resource rent. Natural resource rent masih dianggap sebagai kutukan ataupun berkah bagi suatu negara. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh aspek lingkungan ditinjau dari degradasi lingkungan dan natural resource rent. Selain itu, dalam penelitian ini juga dipilih foreign direct investment dan harapan hidup untuk mengetahui pengaruhnya terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi. Penelitian ini mengambil sampel 5 negara di kawasan ASEAN+5 dengan menggunakan analisis data panel untuk periode 1990 hingga 2018. Hasil yang diperoleh adalah degradasi lingkungan, natural resource rent, dan foreign direct investment berpengaruh positif signifikan dengan pertumbuhan ekonomi. Harapan hidup tidak signfikan memengaruhi pertumbuhan ekonomi.


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