A multitude of patterns resulting from technological change have an influence on people's mental health. People in the digital era need strong mental health in order to prevent mental disease. Coupled with the pandemic condition that happened around two years ago, it also took a part of the economic chain stability in the public, which is really important for everyday daily life. From the literature studies that have been read, showed that approximately 20% of the Indonesian population has the potential to have a mental disorder. Based on the various mental health problems that occur, the approach using the psychosocial intervention method is a way that can be used as a solution. This study is literature review that Study efficacy of digital transformation method in psychological interview case, and research based on 48 journals from various online sources. The benefit of digital psychosocial intervention is saving cost for intervention time and making it easy for people to get intervention. This research aims to study how to use digital platforms as a means of solving psychosocial transformation. The result of this study found that digital psychosocial interventions have an efficacy that is given via several platforms.

Bahasa Abstract

Banyak pola yang dihasilkan dari perubahan teknologi memiliki pengaruh pada kesehatan mental masyarakat. Masyarakat di era digital membutuhkan kesehatan mental yang kuat untuk mencegah penyakit mental. Ditambah dengan kondisi pandemi yang terjadi sekitar dua tahun lalu, turut mengambil bagian dari stabilitas rantai ekonomi masyarakat yang sangat penting bagi kehidupan sehari-hari. Dari studi literatur yang telah dibaca, menunjukkan bahwa sekitar 20% penduduk Indonesia berpotensi mengalami gangguan jiwa. Berdasarkan berbagai permasalahan kesehatan jiwa yang terjadi, pendekatan dengan menggunakan metode intervensi psikososial merupakan cara yang dapat dijadikan sebagai solusi. Studi kali ini merupakan studi literatur yang mempelajari efikasi metode transformasi digital dalam kasus wawancara psikologis, dan penelitian dilakukan berdasarkan 48 jurnal dari berbagai sumber. Manfaat intervensi psikososial digital adalah menghemat biaya waktu intervensi dan memudahkan masyarakat untuk mendapatkan intervensi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari bagaimana penggunaan platform digital sebagai sarana penyelesaian transformasi psikososial. Hasil penelitian ini menemukan bahwa intervensi psikososial digital memiliki kemanjuran yang diberikan melalui beberapa platform.


Agarwal, Ritu, Guodong (Gordon) Gao, Catherine DesRoches, and Ashish K. Jha. “Research Commentary —The Digital Transformation of Healthcare: Current Status and the Road Ahead.” Information Systems Research 21, no. 4 (December 2010): 796–809. https://doi.org/10.1287/isre.1100.0327.

Amato, P. (2000). The consequences of divorce for adults and children. Journal of Marriage and Family, 62(4), 1269-1287. https://doi. org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2000.01269.x

Ananthakrishnan, A., Samuels, F., & Himmelstine, C. (2020). Non-digital interventions for adolescent mental health and psychosocial well-being

Arnold, Chelsea, Kristi-Ann Villagonzalo, Denny Meyer, John Farhall, Fiona Foley, Michael Kyrios, and Neil Thomas. “Predicting Engagement with an Online Psychosocial Intervention for Psychosis: Exploring Individual- and Intervention-Level Predictors.” Internet Interventions 18 (December 2019): 100266. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2019.100266.

Ashraf, B. N. (2020). Economic impact of government interventions during the COVID-19 pandemic: International evidence from financial markets. Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Finance, 27, 100371. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbef.2020.100371

Badahdah, A., Khamis, F., Al Mahyijari, N., Al Balushi, M., Al Hatmi, H., Al Salmi, I., Albulushi, Z., & Al Noomani, J. (2021). The mental health of health care workers in Oman during the COVID-19 pandemic. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 67(1), 90–95. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020764020939596

Bentley, B., O’Connor, M., Williams, A., & Breen, L. J. (2020). Dignity therapy online: Piloting an online psychosocial intervention for people with terminal illness. DIGITAL HEALTH, 6, 205520762095852. https://doi.org/10.1177/2055207620958527

Berkman, L. F., & Kawachi, I. (Eds.). (2000). Social epidemiology. Oxford University Press.

Birnbaum, M. L., Garrett, C., Baumel, A., Scovel, M., Rizvi, A. F., Muscat, W., & Kane, J. M. (2017). Using Digital Media Advertising in Early Psychosis Intervention. Psychiatric Services, 68(11), 1144–1149. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ps.201600571

Bourne, J., Harrison, T. L., Wigham, S., Morison, C., & Hackett, S. (2022). A systematic review of community psychosocial group interventions for adults with intellectual disabilities and mental health conditions. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 35(1), 3–23. https://doi.org/10.1111/jar.12919

Bowers, J. R., Ogolsky, B. G., Hughes, R., & Kanter, J. B. (2014). Coparenting through divorce or separation: A review of an online program. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 55(6), 464-484. https://doi.org/10.1080/1050 2556.2014.931760

Brooks, H., Syarif, A. K., Pedley, R., Irmansyah, I., Prawira, B., Lovell, K., Opitasari, C., Ardisasmita, A., Tanjung, I. S., Renwick, L., Salim, S., & Bee, P. (2021). Improving mental health literacy among young people aged 11–15 years in Java, Indonesia: The co-development of a culturally-appropriate, user-centred resource (The IMPeTUs Intervention). Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 15(1), 56. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13034-021-00410-5

Champion, L., Economides, M., & Chandler, C. (2018). The efficacy of a brief app-based mindfulness intervention on psychosocial outcomes in healthy adults: A pilot randomised controlled trial. PLOS ONE, 13(12), e0209482. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0209482

Chen, X., Zhang, X., Zhu, X., & Wang, G. (2021). Efficacy of an Internet-Based Intervention for Subclinical Depression (MoodBox) in China: Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 11, 585920. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.585920

Ciucă, A., Moldovan, R., & Băban, A. (2022). Mapping psychosocial interventions in familial colorectal cancer: A rapid systematic review. BMC Cancer, 22(1), 8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-021-09086-8

Compton, S. N., Peris, T. S., Almirall, D., Birmaher, B., Sherrill, J., Kendall, P. C., March, J. S., Gosch, E. A., Ginsburg, G. S., Rynn, M. A., Piacentini, J. C., McCracken, J. T., Keeton, C. P., Suveg, C. M., Aschenbrand, S. G., Sakolsky, D., Iyengar, S., Walkup, J. T., & Albano, A. M. (2014). Predictors and moderators of treatment response in childhood anxiety disorders: Results from the CAMS trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 82(2), 212–224. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0035458

Czaja, S. J., Loewenstein, D., Schulz, R., Nair, S. N., & Perdomo, D. (2013). A Videophone Psychosocial Intervention for Dementia Caregivers. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 21(11), 1071–1081. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jagp.2013.02.019

Deary, V., McColl, E., Carding, P., Miller, T., & Wilson, J. (2018). A psychosocial intervention for the management of functional dysphonia: Complex intervention development and pilot randomised trial. Pilot and Feasibility Studies, 4(1), 46. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40814-018-0240-5

Dennis, C.-L. (2014). Psychosocial interventions for the treatment of perinatal depression. Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 28(1), 97–111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2013.08.008

Dennis, S., & Ebata, A. (2005). Family life education on the technological frontier. In S. F. Duncan & H. W. Goddard (Eds.), Outreach in family life: Principles and practices for effective family life outreach education (pp. 180-219). Sage

Domogalla, L., Beck, A., Schulze-Hagen, T., Herr, R., Benecke, J., & Schmieder, A. (2021). Impact of an eHealth Smartphone App on the Mental Health of Patients With Psoriasis: Prospective Randomized Controlled Intervention Study. JMIR MHealth and UHealth, 9(10), e28149. https://doi.org/10.2196/28149

Ebert, D. D., Zarski, A.-C., Christensen, H., Stikkelbroek, Y., Cuijpers, P., Berking, M., & Riper, H. (2015). Internet and Computer-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Anxiety and Depression in Youth: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Outcome Trials. PLOS ONE, 10(3), e0119895. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0119895

Eysenbach, G., Webb, T., Botelho, R., Cugelman, B., Thelwall, M., & Dawes, P. (2011). Online interventions for social marketing health behavior change campaigns: A meta-analysis of psychological architectures and adherence factors. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 13(1), E17. https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.1367

Figueroa, C. A., Hernandez-Ramos, R., Boone, C. E., Gómez-Pathak, L., Yip, V., Luo, T., Sierra, V., Xu, J., Chakraborty, B., Darrow, S., & Aguilera, A. (2021). A Text Messaging Intervention for Coping With Social Distancing During COVID-19 (StayWell at Home): Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Research Protocols, 10(1), e23592. https://doi.org/10.2196/23592

Figueroa, C. A., Hernandez-Ramos, R., Boone, C. E., Gómez-Pathak, L., Yip, V., Luo, T., Sierra, V., Xu, J., Chakraborty, B., Darrow, S., & Aguilera, A. (2021). A Text Messaging Intervention for Coping With Social Distancing During COVID-19 (StayWell at Home): Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Research Protocols, 10(1), e23592. https://doi.org/10.2196/23592

Frías, Á., Solves, L., Navarro, S., Palma, C., Farriols, N., Aliaga, F., Hernández, M., Antón, M., & Riera, A. (2020). Technology-Based Psychosocial Interventions for People with Borderline Personality Disorder: A Scoping Review of the Literature. Psychopathology, 53(5–6), 254–263. https://doi.org/10.1159/000511349

Galderisi, S., Heinz, A., Kastrup, M., Beezhold, J., & Sartorius, N. (2015). Toward a new definition of mental health. World Psychiatry, 14(2), 231–233. https://doi.org/10.1002/wps.20231

Gewali, A., Lopez, A., Dachelet, K., Healy, E., Jean-Baptiste, M., Harridan, H., Evans, Y., Unger, J. A., Bhat, A., Tandon, D., & Ronen, K. (2021). A Social Media Group Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Intervention to Prevent Depression in Perinatal Youth: Stakeholder Interviews and Intervention Design. JMIR Mental Health, 8(9), e26188. https://doi.org/10.2196/26188

Gonsalves, P. P., Sharma, R., Hodgson, E., Bhat, B., Jambhale, A., Weiss, H. A., Fairburn, C. G., Cavanagh, K., Cuijpers, P., Michelson, D., & Patel, V. (2021). A Guided Internet-Based Problem-Solving Intervention Delivered Through Smartphones for Secondary School Pupils During the COVID-19 Pandemic in India: Protocol for a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Research Protocols, 10(10), e30339. https://doi.org/10.2196/30339

Hiscock, H., Ng, O., Crossley, L., Chow, J., Rausa, V., & Hearps, S. (2021). Sleep Well Be Well: Pilot of a digital intervention to improve child behavioral sleep problems. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 57(1), 33–40. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpc.15106

James, A. A., Soler, A., & Weatherall, R. R. (2005). Cognitive behavioral therapy for anxiety disorders in children and adolescents. In The Cochrane Collaboration (Ed.), Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (p. CD004690.pub2). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD004690.pub2

Kawachi, I. (2001). Social Ties and Mental Health. Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 78(3), 458–467. https://doi.org/10.1093/jurban/78.3.458

Leo, A. J., Schuelke, M. J., Hunt, D. M., Metzler, J. P., Miller, J. P., Areán, P. A., Armbrecht, M. A., & Cheng, A. L. (2021). Digital mental health intervention for orthopedic patients with symptoms of depression and/or anxiety: Pilot feasibility study (Preprint) [Preprint]. JMIR Formative Research. https://doi.org/10.2196/preprints.34889

Liu, M., Xue, J., Zhao, N., Wang, X., Jiao, D., & Zhu, T. (2021). Using Social Media to Explore the Consequences of Domestic Violence on Mental Health. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 36(3–4), NP1965-1985NP. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260518757756

Mahendran, R., Lim, H. A., Tan, J. Y. S., Chua, J., Lim, S. E., Ang, E. N. K., & Kua, E. H. (2015). Efficacy of a brief nurse-led pilot psychosocial intervention for newly diagnosed Asian cancer patients. Supportive Care in Cancer, 23(8), 2203–2206. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-015-2771-0

Meerwijk, E. L., Parekh, A., Oquendo, M. A., Allen, I. E., Franck, L. S., & Lee, K. A. (2016). Direct versus indirect psychosocial and behavioral interventions to prevent suicide and suicide attempts: A systematic review and meta-analysis. The Lancet Psychiatry, 3(6), 544–554. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(16)00064-X

Meulen, I. C., May, A. M., Ros, W. J. G., Oosterom, M., Hordijk, G.-J., Koole, R., & Leeuw, J. R. J. (2013). One-Year Effect of a Nurse-Led Psychosocial Intervention on Depressive Symptoms in Patients With Head and Neck Cancer: A Randomized Controlled Trial. The Oncologist, 18(3), 336–344. https://doi.org/10.1634/theoncologist.2012-0299

Montgomery, R. M., Boucher, E. M., Honomichl, R. D., Powell, T. A., Guyton, S. L., Bernecker, S. L., Stoeckl, S. E., & Parks, A. C. (2021). The Effects of a Digital Mental Health Intervention in Adults With Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors: Analysis of Real-World User Data. JMIR Cardio, 5(2), e32351. https://doi.org/10.2196/32351

Nwankpa, J.K., Roumani, Y., 2016. IT capability and digital transformation: a firm performance perspective. In: International Conference of Information Systems, Dublin, Ireland.

Palermo, T. M., de la Vega, R., Murray, C., Law, E., & Zhou, C. (2020). A digital health psychological intervention (WebMAP Mobile) for children and adolescents with chronic pain: Results of a hybrid effectiveness-implementation stepped-wedge cluster randomized trial. Pain, 161(12), 2763–2774. https://doi.org/10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001994

Pemovska, T., Arënliu, A., Konjufca, J., Uka, F., Hunter, J., Bajraktarov, S., Stevović, L. I., Jerotić, S., Kulenović, A. D., Novotni, A., Novotni, L., Radojičić, T., Repišti, S., Ribić, E., Ristić, I., Mešević, E. S., Zebić, M., & Jovanović, N. (2021). Implementing a digital mental health intervention for individuals with psychosis—A multi-country qualitative study. BMC Psychiatry, 21(1), 468. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-021-03466-x

Possemato, K., Wu, J., Greene, C., MacQueen, R., Blonigen, D., Wade, M., Owen, J., Keane, T., Brief, D., Lindley, S., Prins, A., Mackintosh, M.-A., & Carlson, E. (2022). Web-Based Problem-solving Training With and Without Peer Support in Veterans With Unmet Mental Health Needs: Pilot Study of Feasibility, User Acceptability, and Participant Engagement. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 24(1), e29559. https://doi.org/10.2196/29559

Prince, M., Patel, V., Saxena, S., Maj, M., Maselko, J., Phillips, M. R., & Rahman, A. (2007). Global Mental Health 1 No health without mental health. 370, 19.

Sama Afsana A. (2016). A Study of Mental Health and Psychological Well Being among Teachers and Lecturers. International Journal of Indian Psychology, 3(3). https://doi.org/10.25215/0303.137

Scholte, W. F., Verduin, F., Kamperman, A. M., Rutayisire, T., Zwinderman, A. H., & Stronks, K. (2011). The Effect on Mental Health of a Large Scale Psychosocial Intervention for Survivors of Mass Violence: A Quasi-Experimental Study in Rwanda. PLoS ONE, 6(8), e21819. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0021819

Schouten, M. J. E., Dekker, J. J. M., de Bruijn, T. Q., Ebert, D. D., Koomen, L. M., Kosterman, S. L. A., Riper, H., Schaub, M. P., Goudriaan, A. E., & Blankers, M. (2021). Effectiveness of a digital alcohol moderation intervention as an add-on to depression treatment for young adults: Study protocol of a multicentre pragmatic randomized controlled trial. BMC Psychiatry, 21(1), 265. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-021-03222-1

Schramm, D. G., & McCaulley, G. (2012). Divorce education for parents: A comparison of online and in-person delivery methods. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 53(8), 602-617. https://doi.org/10.1080/105025 56.2012.721301

Shapira, S., Yeshua-Katz, D., Goren, G., Aharonson-Daniel, L., Clarfield, A. M., & Sarid, O. (2021). Evaluation of a Short-Term Digital Group Intervention to Relieve Mental Distress and Promote Well-Being Among Community-Dwelling Older Individuals During the COVID-19 Outbreak: A Study Protocol. Frontiers in Public Health, 9, 577079. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2021.577079

Shum, A. K., Lai, E. S., Leung, W. G., Cheng, M. N., Wong, H. K., So, S. W., Law, Y. W., & Yip, P. S. (2019). A Digital Game and School-Based Intervention for Students in Hong Kong: Quasi-Experimental Design. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 21(4), e12003. https://doi.org/10.2196/12003

Singh, L., Kanstrup, M., Gamble, B., Geranmayeh, A., Göransson, K. E., Rudman, A., Dahl, O., Lindström, V., Hörberg, A., Holmes, E. A., & Moulds, M. L. (2022). A first remotely-delivered guided brief intervention to reduce intrusive memories of psychological trauma for healthcare staff working during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic: Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications, 100884. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conctc.2022.100884

Stinesen-Kollberg, K., Thorsteinsdottir, T., Wilderäng, U., & Steineck, G. (2013). Worry about one’s own children, psychological well-being, and interest in psychosocial intervention: Worrying about the children after breast cancer. Psycho-Oncology, 22(9), 2117–2123. https://doi.org/10.1002/pon.3266

Tol, W. A., Barbui, C., Galappatti, A., Silove, D., Betancourt, T. S., Souza, R., Golaz, A., & van Ommeren, M. (2011). Mental health and psychosocial support in humanitarian settings: Linking practice and research. The Lancet, 378(9802), 1581–1591. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(11)61094-5

Vial, Gregory. “Understanding Digital Transformation: A Review and a Research Agenda.” The Journal of Strategic Information Systems 28, no. 2 (June 2019): 118–44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsis.2019.01.003.

Walker, S. (2015a). Psychosocial Interventions in Mental Health Nursing. SAGE Publications, Inc. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781473909892

Walker, S. (2015b). Psychosocial Interventions in Mental Health Nursing. SAGE Publications, Inc. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781473909892

Widyawati. (2021, October 7). Kemenkes Beberkan Masalah Permasalahan Kesehatan Jiwa Di Indonesia – Sehat Negeriku. Sehat Negeriku. https://sehatnegeriku.kemkes.go.id/baca/rilis-media/20211007/1338675/kemenkes-beberkan-masalah-permasalahan-kesehatan-jiwa-di-indonesia/.

Williamson, H., Hamlet, C., White, P., Marques, E. M. R., Paling, T., Cadogan, J., Perera, R., Rumsey, N., Hayward, L., & Harcourt, D. (2019). A Web-Based Self-Help Psychosocial Intervention for Adolescents Distressed by Appearance-Affecting Conditions and Injuries (Young Persons’ Face IT): Feasibility Study for a Parallel Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Mental Health, 6(11), e14776. https://doi.org/10.2196/14776

World Health Organization. (2010). Healthy workplaces: A model for action: for employers, workers, policy-makers and practitioners. Ambientes de Trabajo Saludables: Un Modelo Para La Acción: Para Empleadores, Trabajadores, Autoridades Normativas y Profesionales. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/44307

World Health Organization. (2021). Mental health atlas 2020. World Health Organization. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/345946

Zuccolo, P. F., Xavier, M. O., Matijasevich, A., Polanczyk, G., & Fatori, D. (2021). A smartphone-assisted brief online cognitive-behavioral intervention for pregnant women with depression: A study protocol of a randomized controlled trial. Trials, 22(1), 227. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-021-05179-8