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Abstract

ABSTRACT

Infected cases and suspect cases of covid-19 are increasing more and more daily. This increment happens either in whole regions of Indonesia and DKI Jakarta as a capital city. The purpose of this research is to seek the pattern in spatial of Covid-19 incidence with 3 different periods of before, during, and after large-scale social restriction, and to identify the influence of the presence of the elderly and other factors. One of the scopes of this study is the presence of the elderly because the elderly population is considered as influencing the increase of Covid-19 incidence. The analysis method used in this research is spatial analysis. Novel findings show that spatial pattern change in 3 periods of observation where clusterization of Covid-19 is more intensive, the presence of elderly is a more significant influence to the transmission of Covid-19. Also, there are spatial effects towards the influence of elderly to the spread of Covid-19. The other variables such as the number of traditional markets and population density initially insignificant turn out to be significant in the second and third period.

Keywords:

Covid-19, Elderly Population, Spatial Analysis, social restriction

Bahasa Abstract

Abstrak

Kasus terinfeksi dan kasus suspek Covid-19 semakin hari semakin meningkat. Peningkatan ini terjadi baik di seluruh wilayah Indonesia maupun di DKI Jakarta sebagai ibu kota. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mencari pola penularan secara spasial dengan 3 periode indikator penularan yang berbeda, dan mengidentifikasi pengaruh keberadaan lansia dan faktor lainnya serta analisis spasial. Salah satu ruang lingkup penelitian ini adalah keberadaan lansia karena populasi lansia dianggap rentan terhadap Covid-19. Metode analisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah regresi spasial. Temuan baru menunjukkan bahwa perubahan pola spasial dalam 3 periode pengamatan dimana klasterisasi Covid-19 lebih intensif, keberadaan lansia lebih berpengaruh signifikan terhadap penularan Covid-19. Selain itu, terdapat efek spasial terhadap pengaruh lansia terhadap penyebaran Covid-19. Variabel lain seperti jumlah pasar tradisional dan kepadatan penduduk yang awalnya tidak signifikan berubah menjadi signifikan pada periode kedua dan ketiga.

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