Isolation of Methyl Laurate from Coconut Oil as Raw Material for Fatty Alcohol Sulfate. Methyl laurate is a raw or base material for many industries, including surfactant industries. In this research, coconut oil (VCO) is transesterified with methanol to produce methyl ester, using NaOH as the catalyst. Methyl laurate is then separated by method based on the difference in melting point. This research focuses at determining the effects of some variables in transesterification on the concentration of produced methyl laurate. The variables are temperature (40 oC, 50 oC, 60 oC, 80 oC), time of transesterification reaction (0,5 hour, 1 hour, 1,5 hours, 2 hours, 3 hours), and the percent weight of the catalyst NaOH (0,5 %, 1 %, 1,5 %, 2 %, 3 %). Research showed the concentration of methyl laurate increased, following the increased temperature, time, and percent weight of catalysts. Optimal conditions were acquired at reaction temperature of 60oC, reaction time of 2 hours, and percent weight of the catalyst NaOH of 2 %. Laurate acid conversion to methyl laurate that yielded from optimal conditions, after the separation based on melting point, was 55,61 %.

Bahasa Abstract

Metil laurat merupakan bahan baku atau bahan dasar bagi banyak industri, termasuk industri surfaktan, yang dapat diisolasi dari minyak kelapa. Pada penelitian ini minyak kelapa (VCO) awalnya ditransesterifikasi dengan metanol untuk menghasilkan metil ester dengan menggunakan NaOH sebagai katalis. Metil laurat dipisahkan dari metil ester dengan menggunakan metode pemisahan berdasarkan perbedaan titik leleh. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji pengaruh beberapa variabel dalam transesterifikasi terhadap konsentrasi metil laurat yang dihasilkan. Variabel-variabel yang diamati yaitu suhu (40 oC, 50 oC, 60 oC, 80 oC), waktu reaksi transesterifikasi (0,5 jam, 1 jam, 1,5 jam, 2 jam, 3 jam), dan persen berat katalis NaOH (0,5 %, 1 %, 1,5 %, 2 %, 3 %). Pada penelitian ini, konsentrasi metil laurat secara umum meningkat seiring kenaikan suhu, waktu, dan persen berat katalis. Kondisi optimum diperoleh pada suhu reaksi 60oC, waktu reaksi 2 jam, dan konsentrasi NaOH 2 % berat. Konversi asam laurat menjadi metil laurat yang diperoleh dari kondisi optimum setelah dilakukan pemisahan berdasarkan titik leleh adalah 55,61 %.


B. Brackman, J. Knaut, P. Wallscheid, Oleochemicals, Henkel KgaA, Dusseldorf, 1984.

A. Korus Roger, et al., Transesterification Process to Manufacture Ethyl Ester of Rape Oil, Departement of Chemical Engineering, University of Idaho, Moscow, 2003.

D. Darnoko, Cheryan Munir, Kinetics of Palm Oil Transesterification in a Batch Reactor, University

of Illinois, Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Agricultural Bioprocess Laboratory, Urbdna, Illinois 61801, 2002.

Marash, R.Gubler, K. Yagi, Fats and Oils Industry Overview, Chemical Handbook, SRI, Menlo Park,

California, 2001.

B. Freedman, Methyl Ester-Manufacture and Utilization, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Peoria, Illinois, 2000.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.