Magnetic Field Effects on CaCO3 Precipitation Process in Hard Water. Magnetic treatment is applied as physical water treatment for scale prevention especially CaCO3, from hard water in piping equipment by reducing its hardness. Na2CO3 and CaCl2 solution sample was used in to investigate the magnetic fields influence on the formation of particle of CaCO3. By changing the strength of magnetic fields, exposure time and concentration of samples solution, this study presents quantitative results of total scale deposit, total precipitated CaCO3 and morphology of the deposit. This research was run by comparing magnetically and non-magnetically treated samples. The results showed an increase of deposits formation rate and total number of precipitated CaCO3 of magnetically treated samples. The increase of concentration solution sample will also raised the deposit under magnetic field. Microscope images showed a greater number but smaller size of CaCO3 deposits form in magnetically treated samples, and aggregation during the processes. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis showed that magnetically samples were dominated by calcite. But, there was a significant decrease of calcite’s peak intensities from magnetized samples that indicated the decrease of the amount of calcite and an increase of total amorphous of deposits. This result showed that magnetization of hard water leaded to the decreasing of ion Ca2+ due to the increasing of total CaCO3 precipitation process.

Bahasa Abstract

Magnetisasi air sadah yang bertujuan menurunkan kesadahan air merupakan proses fisik guna mencegah terbentuknya kerak (CaCO3) pada sistem perpipaan. Campuran larutan Na2CO3 dan CaCl2 digunakan sebagai model air sadah sintetik guna mengamati pengaruh medan magnet terhadap pembentukan partikel CaCO3 dalam air sadah. Variabel proses meliputi waktu magnetisasi, kuat medan, dan konsentrasi larutan, sementara parameter yang akan diamati adalah jumlah deposit CaCO3, jumlah presipitasi total CaCO3, dan morfologi deposit CaCO3. Perbandingan parameter pengamatan dilakukan terhadap sampel yang dimagnetisasi dan sampel non-magnetisasi. Hasil percobaan menunjukkan adanya peningkatan laju pembentukan deposit dan presipitasi total CaCO3 pada sampel yang dimagnetisasi dibanding sampel non-magnetisasi. Peningkatan konsentrasi sampel larutan juga meningkatkan persentase kenaikan deposit yang terbentuk dengan adanya pengaruh medan magnet. Hasil foto mikroskop menunjukkan jumlah partikel CaCO3 yang terbentuk pada sampel yang dimagnetisasi lebih banyak dan ukuran partikelnya lebih kecil dan disertai adanya pembentukan agregat. Hasil uji XRD menunjukkan hanya kristal kalsit yang dominan. Namun demikian, terlihat adanya penurunan intensitas puncak kalsit yang cukup signifikan pada sampel yang dimagnetisasi yang menunjukkan adanya penurunan jumlah kristal kalsit dan peningkatan jumlah amorf pada deposit CaCO3 yang terbentuk. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa proses magnetisasi air sadah mendorong terjadinya penurunan ion Ca2+ dalam larutan akibat adanya peningkatan proses presipitasi total CaCO3.


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