Islamic law is a complete and comprehensive law which encompassess all human affairs either in civil or public affairs. Islamic international law or siyar is a branch of Islamic law which regulate international affairs is among the topic which is frequently forgotten in Islamic discourse both in Indonesia or or other countries. Also in Indonesia where Islamic Law have been existing for centuries but mostly in civil affairs.

This paper, therefore, would like to explore and discuss the siyar, as islamic international law from historical perspective, legal perspective and its relation to secular international law in regards to humanitarian law, law of diplomacy and other aspects of international public law.

At the end, this paper emphasizes the need to promote and develop siyar as an integral part of Islamic law into national laws of possible Muslim countries.


Al Minawi, Kawther. Human Rights in Islam. London, Ammar Press, 2003.

Al Shaybani, Muhammad Ibn Al-Hasan. Kitab Al Siyar Al Saghir. Muslim International Law. Edited, translated and annotated by Mahmood Ahmad Ghazi. Islamabad, Islamic Research Institute International Islamic University, 1998.

Baderin, Mashood A. Baderin. International Human Rights and Islamic Law. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2003.

Cassese, Antonio. International Law. 2nd ed. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2005. D’amato, Anthony. International Law Anthology. Anderson Publishing Company, 1994. Doi, Abdurrahman I. Shariah : The Islamic Law. London, Ta Ha Publishers, 1997.

Kaczorowska, Alina. Public International Law. London, Old Bailey Press, 2002.

El – Dakkak, M. Shokry. State’s Crimes Against Humanity. Genocide, Deportation and Torture. From the Perspectives of International and Islamic Law. Kuala Lumpur,

A.S. Noordeen

Faqih, Mariyadi, Abdul Wahid, dan Sunardi. Perang Sebagai Pelanggaran HAM. Malang, Lembaga Penerbitan Fakultas Hukum Universitas Malang, 2003.

Rehman, Javaid. The Sharia and Siyar in the Development of Law of Nations, paper dipresentasikan pada Salzburg Global Seminar Session 457 on Islam and International. Salzburg Austria, 26 October 2009.