The aim of this study was to assess the community participation process in the formulation of City Development Planning. This study developed participatory planning model to improve the effectiveness of community participation in formulation of the planning by using Soft System Methodology. Data was collected through observation, focus group discussions, and semi-structured interviews at Batu City in 2018. This study showed that Batu City needed to improve the effectiveness of public consultation forum and development planning deliberation as an instrument for community participation. This study proposed a new participatory planning model to enhance the community participation quality in the formulation of City Development Planning.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.