This study analyses the trilateral cooperation among China, Japan, and Korea in the realm of environmental issues, focusing on the Trilateral Environment Ministers Meeting (TEMM) as the representative institution. Through a theoretical perspective based on rational design theory, this paper examines the rationality of TEMM's design and how it has addressed the enforcement problems and asymmetry of control among the three countries. The study also suggests some strategies for further deepening and empowering the trilateral cooperation, such as developing the environmental protection industry and carbon trading market, involving funds and non-state actors, and improving institutionalization. While acknowledging the achievements and limitations of trilateral cooperation, this paper calls for future research to employ different theories and cases to enhance our understanding of the dynamics among these three countries' cooperation.

Bahasa Abstract

Studi ini menganalisis kerja sama trilateral antara China, Jepang, dan Korea dalam bidang isu lingkungan, dengan fokus pada Pertemuan Menteri Lingkungan Hidup Trilateral (TEMM) sebagai institusi yang mewakili. Melalui perspektif teoritis berdasarkan teori desain rasional, makalah ini menguji rasionalitas desain TEMM dan bagaimana hal itu telah mengatasi masalah penegakan hukum dan asimetri kontrol di antara ketiga negara. Studi ini juga menyarankan beberapa strategi untuk lebih memperdalam dan memberdayakan kerja sama trilateral, seperti pengembangan industri perlindungan lingkungan dan pasar perdagangan karbon, melibatkan dana dan pelaku non-negara, dan meningkatkan institusionalisasi. Sambil mengakui pencapaian dan keterbatasan kerja sama trilateral, makalah ini menyerukan penelitian di masa depan untuk menggunakan teori dan kasus yang berbeda untuk meningkatkan pemahaman kita tentang dinamika kerja sama di antara ketiga negara tersebut.


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Brice and changrui author detail.docx (15 kB)
Please add Brice Tseen Fu Lee as correspondent author (must show in published paper)