This article lies arguments to build a “Depok School” in International Relations. The gap between developed and developing countries is visible in practice and the paradigm for understanding the phenomenon of international relations dominated by the perspective of major (Western) countries. Through an analysis of empirical and theoretical developments in the study of International Relations, this paper examines the need for non-Western perspectives.. The mandate from the Preamble to the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia provides the axiological basis for a more suitable analytical framework that can capture the unique phenomena of Indonesia and developing countries, which is rarely caught by Western lenses. To build the “Depok School”, the 5G and 3D ideas put forward by Juwono Sudarsono are an important starting point. Juwono’s perspective emphasis linkages between five geographical scopes (local, provincial, national, regional, and global) and three dimensions of issues (political-security, economy, and social-culture) in analyzing international and global phenomena.

Bahasa Abstract

Artikel ini mengajukan argumen tentang pentingnya membangun mazhab khas Indonesia (“Depok School) dalam menganalis Hubungan Internasional. Melalui analisis terhadap perkembangan empiris maupun teoritik, tulisan ini melihat pentingnya membangun perspektif non-Barat dalam ilmu hubungan internasional. Kesenjangan antara negara maju dan berkembang tidak hanya tampak dalam praktik, namun juga dalam paradigma untuk memahami fenomena hubungan internasional yang didominasi oleh perspektif negara-negara maju (Barat). Amanat Pembukaan UUD 1945 tentang merupakan basis aksiologis yang kuat bagi pembangunan perspektif yang mampu menyediakan kerangka analisis komprehensif yang dapat menangkap fenomena khas Indonesia dan negara-negara berkembang, yang jarang tertangkap oleh lensa Barat. Untuk membangun Mazhab Depok, gagasan 5G dan 3D yang dikemukakan oleh Juwono Sudarsono adalah titik awal penting yang dapat dikembangkan lebih jauh. Gagasan tersebut menekankan keterkaitan antara lima lingkup geografi (lokal, provinsial, nasional, regional, dan global) dengan lima dimensi isu (politik-keamanan, ekonomi, dan sosial-budaya) dalam ilmu hubungan internasional.


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