Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has taken up to average 30% of death diagnoses in the world. Prevalent attempts of physicians to treat this disease came down to focus on using drugs with their specific mechanism of action. Since the method only cures the symptoms and need to be pharmacologically monitored, physicians and scientists have been struggling to find other treatment strategies. This problem led us to search for another substance dealing with CVD via preventive therapy, which does not require such close monitoring by physicians in its use. The answer relies on using L-citrulline as potential therapeutics in treating and preventing CVDs. This compound, found mostly in Citrus sp., contains chemical traits that could affect other bodily substances with its metabolic pathways. It has several functions, but boosting NO production is the dominant one in the cardiovascular system. By enhancing NO bioavailability, it suppresses the risk of having myocardial oxidative stress due to ischemia, cardiac pressure-overload, and post-infarct reperfusion. Thus, understanding of L-citrulline effects on endothelial NOS pathway in the generation of NO and its uncoupling mechanisms could be used as a foundation in developing alternative treatment and prevention of oxidative stress-induced CVD.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.