Construction of waste incinerators often encounters resistance from the public. The minimum requirements for the ac- ceptance of these installations include modern air pollution control (APC) technology and safe disposal of residues. Confidence in the statements of government and government agencies as well as on those who support is an important point of acceptance. Independent scientific bodies such as universities can help to make this happen. In the case of the installation of waste into energy (WtE), such scientific support can be the measurement of emissions and their evalua- tion. Many products that enter the waste stream contain heavy metals, persistent organic pollutants, and other harmful substances. Their presence constitutes another challenge for recycling. This challenge can be solved most likely by binding specifications for chemicals in and design for recycling of products.

Bahasa Abstract

Studi Penerimaan Publik pada Pabrik Energi Sampah: Fakta dari Jerman dan Indonesia. Pembangunan insinera- tor sampah sering mengalami penolakan dari masyarakat. Persyaratan minimum agar instalasi insinerator dapat diterima adalah adanya teknologi pengendalian pencemaran udara modern dan pembuangan residu yang aman. Kepercayaan pada pemerintah dan lembaga pemerintah serta mereka yang mendukung program ini merupakan hal yang penting agar bisa diterima di masyarakat. Institusi independen seperti Universitas dapat membantu mewujudkan hal tersebut. Dalam kasus instalasi limbah menjadi energi (WtE), dukungan ilmiah bisa berupa pengukuran emisi buang beserta hasil evalu- asinya. Banyak produk yang masuk ke aliran limbah mengandung logam berat, polutan organik yang persisten (POPs) dan zat berbahaya lainnya. Kandungan bahan berbahaya tersebut menjadi tantangan tersendiri dalam proses daur ulang. Tantangan dalam permasalahan ini dapat diatasi dengan cara mengikatkan bahan kimia di dalam spesifikasi tertentu dan merancang daur ulang produk.


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