Globalization encourages technological progress so that its development is utilized by terrorist organizations in expanding their movements. Terrorist organizations utilize digital financial transaction technology, namely cryptocurrency, as part of their funding activities. This condition is influenced by the shift in traditional funding methods that have begun to switch to digital media, so the emergence of cryptocurrencies has a great opportunity in terrorism financing activities globally. Over the past few years there has been a phenomenon of using cryptocurrencies by terrorist groups for funding purposes. This research article wants to explain how terrorist organizations use cryptocurrency as a new medium in digital financial funding. The research was conducted using qualitative methods with the theory of the use of funds by terrorist organizations covering the stages of receipt, management, transfer and spending. The results of the study show that cryptocurrencies are at each stage of the use of funds either as a medium or a source of funding which is shown through models or schemes related to the use of cryptocurrencies for terrorism financing. In addition, an exploration of the movement of terrorism financing was carried out from the traditional to the digital realm. Furthermore, recommendations are given regarding the role of the state in efforts to handle the phenomenon of financing terrorism using cryptocurrencies.

Bahasa Abstract

Globalisasi mendorong kemajuan teknologi sehingga perkembangannya dimanfaatkan oleh organisasi terorisme dalam melebarkan pergerakannya. Organisasi terorisme memanfaatkan teknologi transaksi keuangan digital yaitu cryptocurrency sebagai bagian dari kegiatan pendanaan. Kondisi ini dipengaruhi oleh berpindahnya metode pendanaan tradisional yang mulai beralih pada media digital, sehingga munculnya cryptocurrency memiliki peluang besar dalam kegiatan pendanaan terorisme secara global. Selama beberapa tahun lalu telah terdapat fenomena pemanfaatan cryptocurrency oleh kelompok teroris untuk tujuan pendanaan. Artikel penelitian ini ingin menjelaskan bagaimana organisasi teroris menggunakan cryptocurrency sebagai media baru dalam pendanaan keuangan secara digital. Penelitian dilakukan menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan teori penggunaan dana oleh organisasi teroris meliputi tahapan penerimaan, manajemen, pemindahan dan pengeluaran. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa cryptocurrency berada pada tiap tahapan penggunaan dana baik sebagai media ataupun sumber pendanan yang ditunjukkan melalui model atau skema terkait penggunaan cryptocurrency untuk pendanaan terorisme. Selain itu dilakukan eksplorasi tentang pergerakan pendanaan terorisme dari ranah tradisional ke digital. Selanjutnya diberikan rekomendasi perihal peran negara dalam upaya penanganan fenomena pendanaan terorisme menggunakan cryptocurrency.


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