The growing centers of global power such as NATO, the European Union, China and India have different civilizational and cultural characteristics. Post-Soviet Russia is indeed in a relatively weak position in economic terms. Although Russia's relations with the European Union and the United States had improved after the Cold War, it did not have a significant impact on Russia's economic growth. In recent years Russia and other major powers have not only strengthened the economy and security related to the military, but have gone far beyond that to strengthen the country's influence. This is what makes the superpower countries compete in making policies that ultimately affect the world political and economic situation. This study examines Russian political policy towards NATO, Europe and Ukraine from the perspective of security and economic interests. The method used is qualitative by conducting an in-depth study of data obtained from the results of previous studies. The results of this study show that Russia, America and Europe through NATO occupy a strong position that has the ability to influence agreements and include the national interests of their country. Each country is trying to achieve their respective interests by making efforts to increase national power. National Power includes various elements, namely military power, economic and political power.


Andrei, P. T. (2010). Russia’s Foreign Policy Change and Continuity in National Identity. . . Plymouth: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, inc. Anggoro, K. (2008). Geopolitik Energi, Manuver Diplomasi Putin dan Kebangkitan Kembali Rusia. Jurnal Kajian Wilayah Eropa, Volume IV, No. 1, 2008. Aunders, P. J. ( 2008). Russia Energy and European Security: A Translatic Dialogue. Washington DC: Washington DC: The Nixon Centre,). Bassin, M. (2004). The two faces of contemporary geopolitics. Progress in Human Geography, 28(5) , 620–626. BBC. (2014). BBC. Retrieved April 21, 2020, from http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe- 25182823 Carnelian, C., Purnomo, D., & Bintang, A. (n.d.). Strategi Energi Vladimir Putin dalam Mempertahankan Dominasi Rusia di Negara-Negara Baltik. Jurnal Cakrawala ISSN 1693 6248. Clarasanti, C. (2019). Strategi Militer Rusia Terhadap Peningkatan Presensi Militer Nato Di Eropa Timur, 2014-2017. Bandar Lampung : Jurusan Hubungan Internasional Fakultas Ilmu Sosial Dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Lampung . Conley, H. A., Mina, J., & Nguyen, P. (2016). A Rebalanced Transatlantic Policy toward the Asia-Pacific Region. Washington, D.C: Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). Dimitri, K. S. (1999). After The Collapse: Rusia seeks its place for a Great Power. New York: Rockefeller Center. Dragneva, Rilka , & Wolczuk , K. (2013). Eurasian Economic Integration : Law, Policy and Politics. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited. DWNews. (2014). DWNews. Retrieved April 21, 2020, from DW News. Sanksi Baru Terhadahttp://www.dw.com/id/sanksi-baru-terhadap-rusia-mulai-diterapkan/a- 17917673 Federation, M. o. (2010). Energy Strategy of Russia For the Period Up to 2030. Moscow: Moscow: Institute of Energy Strategy. Friedman, G. ( 2012). The Next Decade : Empire and Republic in A Changing World. New York: Anchor Books. Hanifah, U. R. (2017). Embargo Ekonomi sebagai Strategi Konfrontasi Uni Eropa terhadap Rusia pada Masa Konflik Ukraina 2013-2015. Jurnal Sospol, Vol 3 No 2 Juli-Desember, 169-195. Hatzivassiliou, E. (2012). Revisiting NATO's Stabilizing role in South Eastern Europe: The Cold War Experience and the Longue Durée. Southeast European and Black Sea Studies Vol. 12, No. 4. Helen, B. (2009). Russia and the Challengers Russian Alignment with China, Iran, and Iraq in the Unipolar Era. n. New York: Palgrave Macmilla. Hudson, V. (2014). Foreign Policy Analysis: Classic and Contemporary Theory. Plymouth: Rowman & Littlefield. , Pp. 1-73. Hutabarat, L. F. (2017). Eurasianisme dan Kebijakan Luar Negeri Rusia. in Kementerian Luar Negeri Republik Indonesia. Kanet, R. E. (2010). Russian Foreign Policy in the 21st Century. New York City: Palgrave Macmillan, Pp. 246-266. Karpova, A., Karpov, D., & Kruchkov, Y. (2015). Russia's new engineering policy in global politics. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 166, 530 – 535. Karsten, L. (2008). Security of Supply and Organization Change: European Challengel. Jurnal Kajian Wilayah Eropa, Volume IV, No.1, 2008. Kazantsev, A. A. (2015). Eurasian Perspectives on Regionalism : Central Asia and Beyond”, dalam Piotr Dutkiewicz and Richard Sakwa (Eds), Eurasian Integration – The View from Within. UK: Oxford : Routledge. Keliat, M. (2006). Kebijakan Keamanan Energi. Jurnal Politik Internasional, Volume 8 No. 2:Departemen Ilmu Hubungan Internasional, FISIP UI. Khanna, P. (2016). Connectography : Mapping the Global Network Revolution. London : Weidenfeld & Nicolson. Kouldunova, E. ( 2016). Russia’s Involvement in Regional Cooperation in East Asia : Opportunities and Limitations of Constructive Engagement. Asian Survey. Vol. 56. Number 3, pp. 532-554. Kropatcheva, E. (2012). Russian foreign policy in the realm of European security through the lens of neoclassical realism. Journal of Eurasian Studies 3 (2012) , 30–40. Kuus, M. (2010). Critical geopolitics. In R. Denemark (Ed.). The International Studies Encyclopedia. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 683–701. Malle, S. (2017). Russia and China in the 21st century. Moving towards cooperative behaviour. Journal of Eurasian Studies 8, 136–150. Mau, V. (2016). Anti-crisis measures or structural reforms:Russian economic policy in 2015. Russian Journal of Economics 2 , 1–22. Myers, S. L. (2015). The New Tsar: The Rise and Reign of Vladimir Putin. Toronto: Penguin Random House. Nato.int. (n.d.). Nato.int. Retrieved April 21, 2020, from https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/nato_countries.htm Nuttalla, W. J., Samaras, C., & Bazilian, M. (2019). Energy and the military: Convergence of security, economic, and environmental decision-making. Energy Strategy Reviews 26 (2019) 100409. Orttung, R. W., & Overland, I. (2011). A limited toolbox: Explaining the constraints on Russia’s foreign energy policy. Journal of Eurasian Studies 2, 74–85. Pringgondani, S. (2016). Kebijakan Pertahanan Rusia dan Dampaknya Terhadap NATO. Bandung: Universitas Pasundan. Pujayanti, A. (2014). Posisi Rusia dan Perkembangan Krisis Ukraina. Info Singkat hubungan international, Pusat Pengkajian, Pengolahan Data dan Informasi (P3DI) Sekretariat Jenderal DPR RI www.dpr.go.id ISSN 2088-2351 - Vol. VI, No. 13/I/P3DI/Juli/2014. Rahyuni, S. (2012). Kebijakan Pertahanan Rusia Dan Dampaknya Terhadap Nato. Makassar: Jurusan Ilmu Hubungan Internasional Fakultas Ilmu Sosial Dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Hasanuddin . Richterova, J. (2014). NATO-Russia Relations. Background Report, Prazsky Studentsky Summit. Sidiki, R. R. (2016). Pengaruh Perluasan NATO ke Eropa Timur Terhadap Konflik Ukraina. Bandung: Universitas Pasundan. Sulastri, A. (2013). Politik Energi Rusia dan Dampaknya terhadap Eropa terkait Sengketa Gas Rusia-Ukraina 2006-2009 . Jurnal analisis hubungan international Vol. 2 - No. 3 / 2013-09 TOC : 3, 33 - 57. Svarin, D. (2016). The construction of ‘geopolitical spaces’ in Russian foreign policy discourse before and after the Ukraine crisis. Journal of Eurasian Studies 7, 129–140. Wolff, A. (2015). The Future of NATO Enlagerment After the Ukraine Crisis. International Affair,, 91(5). Yakovlev, A. (2016). What is Russia trying to defend? Russian Journal of Economics 2, 146–161.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.