Jurnal Kebijakan Ekonomi


This study analyzes the influence of the level of company ownership and also analyzes further about evaluating the requirements of foreign capital ownership as a Negative Investment List (NIL). This study uses a panel of Indonesian manufacturing companies 2007-2014 with the estimated GMM method of Arellano-Bond. The estimation results show an increase achieved with foreign ownership, but after reaching a certain point the increase or increase as intended inverted U. Required to achieve optimal needs. Then further analysis showed that NIL Regulations were approved by foreign capital ownership, NIL companies' foreign capital ownership was lower than Non-NIL companies, but the increase in NIL companies on average was lower.

Bahasa Abstract

Studi ini bertujuan menganalisa pengaruh tingkat kepemilikan asing dan kinerja perusahaan serta menganalisa lebih lanjut pengaruh tersebut sebagai akibat adanya regulasi pembatasan kepemilikan modal asing berupa Negative Investment List (NIL). Penelitian ini menggunakan panel perusahaan manufaktur Indonesia 2007-2014 dengan metode estimasi GMM Arellano-Bond. Hasil estimasi menunjukkan kinerja awalnya meningkat dengan kepemilikan asing, namun setelah mencapai titik tertentu kinerja menurun atau pengaruh tersebut berbentuk U-terbalik. Ini mengindikasikan kepemilikan domestik diperlukan untuk mencapai kinerja optimal. Kemudian analisa lebih lanjut menunjukkan Regulasi-NIL menekan kepemilikan modal asing, kepemilikan modal asing perusahaan NIL lebih rendah dibandingkan perusahaan Non-NIL, namun kinerja perusahaan NIL rata-rata lebih rendah.


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