Author ORCID Identifier
Previous research on meandering rivers in Indonesia, precisely in Java, has predominantly focused on alluvial plains, while their presence is also observed in hilly regions with rocky substrates. The study aims to investigate different meandering types in Java and establish regional connections between these types and geological and geomorphological processes. The methodology involves identifying high-resolution remote sensing images and topographic data, followed by analysis based on geological and geomorphological developments. To categorize the rivers, sinuosity ratios are meticulously calculated. The tectonic setting, which influences physiography and geomorphology, is an analytical unit for determining the meandering process. The result reveals that meandering rivers are primarily located in the alluvial plains of northern Java. Meanwhile, meandering rivers in hilly areas are concentrated in structural formations, predominantly in southern and central Java. In alluvial plains, meandering rivers display a regular pattern with higher concentrations of curvature downstream, and their substrates consist of deposits or soil. Conversely, meandering rivers in hilly regions exhibit irregular and winding patterns, randomly distributed from upstream to downstream. These rivers are situated in the physiographic regions of Southern Mountains, Hills in Central Depression, and Kendeng Hills, and their substrates mainly comprise rocks, leading to a more protracted process of curvature transformation. In conclusion, meandering rivers in Java can form not only in alluvial plains but also in hilly areas. Meanders on hilly topography possess higher sinuosity ratios than those on alluvial plains, displaying irregular patterns. Energy minimization alone is not the sole controlling factor; the physical surface conditions also play a significant role, particularly in meanders in hilly areas, resulting in a diverse typology of meanders. Therefore, understanding the formation of meandering rivers in various topographic regions can serve as a basis for policymaking, particularly in flood mitigation and riverbank erosion management.
Anderson, R. S., & Anderson, S. P. (2010). Geomorphology: the mechanics and chemistry of landscapes. Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004
Assine, M. L., Merino, E. R., Do Nascimento Pupim, F., De Azevedo Macedo, H., & Dos Santos, M. G. M. (2015). The quaternary alluvial systems tract of the pantanal basin. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 45(3), 475-489. https://doi.org/10.1590/2317-4889201520150014
Bastawesy, M., Cherif, H., & Sultan, M. (2017). The geomorphological evidences of subsidence in the Nile Delta : analysis of high resolution topographic DEM and multi-temporal satellite images. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 136, 252-261. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2016.10.013
Billi, P., Demissie, B., Nyssen, J., Moges, G., & Fazzini, M. (2018). Meander hydromorphology of ephemeral streams: similarities and differences with perennial rivers. Geomorphology, 319, 35-46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2018.07.003
Burhan, O., Djauhari Noor, & Kandarisman, D. S. (2018). Geology of Sirnasari and surrounding areas, Jampang Surade Subdistrict, Sukabumi District, West Java Province. JOM, 1(1), 1-14. [In Bahasa]
Charlton, R. (2007). Fundamentals of Fluvial. Taylor & Francis e-Library.
Dibyosaputro, S. (2016). Characteristics of point bar in Bogowonto River, Purworejo Regency, Central Java Province. Geomedia, 14(1), 1-12. [In Bahasa] https://doi.org/10.21831/gm.v14i1.13741
Dokht, R. M. H., Gu, Y. J., & Sacchi, M. D. (2018). Migration imaging of the java subduction zones. journal of geophysical research: Solid Earth, 123(2), 1540-1558. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JB014524
Fahmy, W. A., & Hekal, N. (2021). Study of Damietta branch meander suitability for inland first-class river cargo transportation. Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jksues.2021.06.003
Finnegan, N. J., & Dietrich, W. E. (2011). Episodic bedrock strath terrace formation due to meander migration and cutoff. Geology, 39(2), 143-146. https://doi.org/10.1130/G31716.1
Gupta, A. (2011). Tropical geomorphology. Cambridge University Press.
Hafez, Y. I. (2022). Excess energy theory for river curvature and meandering. Journal of Hydrology, 608, 127604. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2022.127604
Hartley, A. J., Owen, A., Weissmann, G. S., & Scuderi, L. (2019). Modern and ancient amalgamated sandy meander‐belt deposits: recognition and controls on development. In G. Massimiliano, C. Luca, M. N. P, & R. A. J. H (Eds.), Other publications Number 48 of the International Association of Sedimentologists (pp. 349-384). John Wiley & Sons.
Husein, S. (2016). Fieldtrip Geologi: North East Java Basin. (Issue Desember). Premier Oil. [In Bahasa]
Husein, S., & Srijono. (2007). Geomorphology Review of the Southern Mountains of Yogyakarta / Central Java: an examination of the role of endogenic and exogenic factors in the process of mountain formation (in Indonesia). Seminar on Geological Potential of Southern Mountains in Regional Development, 1-10. https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.1.2784.0727
Ishak, M. G. (2010). The concept of handling the flow at the bend in the framework of river management in Central Sulawesi. Media Litbang Sulteng, III(1), 1-5. [In Bahasa]
Jasim, A., Hemmings, B., Mayer, K., & Scheu, B. (2019). Groundwater flow and volcanic unrest. Advances in Volcanology, 83-99. https://doi.org/10.1007/11157_2018_33
Johnson, K. N., & Finnegan, N. J. (2015). A lithologic control on active meandering in bedrock channels. GSA Bulletin, 127(11/12), 1766-1776. https://doi.org/10.1130/B31184.1
Joshi, G., & Agarwal, K. K. (2020). Morphometry and morphostructural studies of the parts of Gola River and Kalsa River Basins, Chanphi-Okhalkanda Region, Kumaun Lesser Himalaya, India. Geotectonics, 54(3), 410-427. https://doi.org/10.1134/S0016852120030048
Karado, S. (2019). River landscape around Diyarbakır City, formed geomorphological landforms and related issues concerning this ecosystems conservation. In Les jardins de l’Hevsel, paradis intranquilles (Vol. 2018, Issue May). https://doi.org/10.4000/books.ifeagd.2275
Klaver, I. J. (2018). Meandering and riversphere: the potential of paradox. Open Rivers: Rethinking Water, Place & Community, 11, 45-65. https://doi.org/10.24926/2471190X.4832
Kumar, V., & Guha, A. (2010). Geosciences. In P. S. Roy, R. S. Dwivedi, & D.Vijayan (Eds.), Remote Sensing Applications (Second, pp. 165-202). National Remote Sensing Centre, Indian Space Research Organisation.
Kuntjoro, Harijanto, D., Sungkono, Saptarita, & Anwarul, C. (2013). Estimation of river meander geometry from discharge quantity. Jurnal Aplikasi, 11(1), 31-38. https://doi.org/10.12962/j12345678.v11i1.2601 [In Bahasa]
Langat, P. K., Kumar, L., & Koech, R. (2019). Monitoring river channel dynamics using remote sensing and GIS techniques. Geomorphology, 325(1), 92-102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2018.10.007
Legleiter, C. J., Harrison, L. R., & Dunne, T. (2011). Effect of point bar development on the local force balance governing flow in a simple, meandering gravel bed river. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, 1-29. https://doi.org/10.1029/2010JF001838
Limaye, A. B. S., & Lamb, M. P. (2014). Numerical simulations of bedrock valley evolution by meandering rivers with variable bank material. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 119(4), 927-950. https://doi.org/10.1002/2013JF002997
Lukitasari, K., & Hendrajaya, L. (2016). The great meander of the “Brantas”, impermeable volcanic soil reverses powerful flow to the north. ITB Physics Seminar, 225–233. [In Bahasa]
Malik, J. N., & Mohanty, C. (2007). Active tectonic influence on the evolution of drainage and landscape: Geomorphic signatures from frontal and hinterland areas along the Northwestern Himalaya, India. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 29(5-6), 604-618. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2006.03.010
Mcmahon, W. J., & Davies, N. S. (2019). The shortage of geological evidence for pre‐vegetation meandering rivers. In G. Massimiliano, C. Luca, M. N. P, & R. A. J. H (Eds.), Other publications Number 48 of the International Association of Sedimentologists (pp. 119-148). John Wiley & Sons. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119424437.ch5
Miardini, A. (2019). Fluvial Landform dynamics due to sedimentation in the grindulu river, arjosari-pacitan segment. Jurnal Penelitian Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai, 3(1), 13–26. [In Bahasa] https://doi.org/10.20886/jppdas.2019.3.1.13-26
Oard, M. J. (2013). Earth’s Surface Earth, Genesis Flood Runoff (ebook). http://michael.oards.net/
Pellegrini, L., & Vercesi, P. L. (2017). Landscapes and landforms driven by geological structures in the northwestern apennines. World Geomorphological Landscapes, 203-213. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-26194-2
Pells, S. E., Douglas, K., Pells, P. J. N., Fell, R., & Peirson, W. L. (2017). Rock mass erodibility. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 143(5), 06016031. https://doi.org/10.1061/(asce)hy.1943-7900.0001243
Petrovszki, J., & Timár, G. (2010). Channel sinuosity of the Körös River system, Hungary/Romania, as possible indicator of the neotectonic activity. Geomorphology, 122(3-4), 223-230. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2009.11.009
Prasetyadi, C. (2013). Paleogene tectonic evolution of eastern Java. Semantic Scholar. [In Bahasa]
Raharjo, P. D. (2010). Study of the characteristics of the upper lukulo watershed using remote sensing data (in Indonesia). Jurnal Geografi, 3(1), 47-55.
Raharjo, P. D., & Haryono, E. (2020). Anthropocene geomorphology synthesis of southern karangsambung geological reserve area. Gea, 20(2), 141-150. [In Bahasa] https://doi.org/10.17509/gea.v20i2.27727
Raharjo, P. D., Widiyanto, K., Winduhutomo, S., & Yudaputra, A. (2019). The role of geomorphology for analysis of landscape ecology in The Loning Watershed, Karangsambung-Karangbolong National Geopark. Proceedings of the 12th National Earth Seminar, Geological Engineering UGM, 615-628. https://repository.ugm.ac.id/id/eprint/275744
Ramasamy, S. M., Kumanan, C. J., Selvakumar, R., & Saravanavel, J. (2011). Tectonophysics Remote sensing revealed drainage anomalies and related tectonics of South India. Tectonophysics, 501(1-4), 41-51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2011.01.011
Smyth, H., Hall, R., Hamilton, J., & Kinny, P. (2005). East Java: cenozoic basins, volcanoes and ancient basement. 30th Annual Convention of the Indonesian Petroleum Association, August, 251-266. https://doi.org/10.29118/ipa.629.05.g.045
Sribudiyani, N. M., Ryacudu, R., Kunto, T., Astono, P., Prasetya, I., Sapiie, B., ... & Yulianto, I. (2003). The collision of the east java microplate and its implication for hydrocarbon occurrences in the East Java Basin. The 29th IPA Annual Meeting and Exhibition. https://doi.org/10.29118/ipa.1530.03.g.085
Sunardi, E., & Adhiperdana, B. G. (2008). An account for the petroleum prospectivity of the southern mountain of West Java: a geological frontier in the west? IPA, 2011 - 32nd Annual Convention Proceedings, IPA08-G-083.
Suryanta, J., Nursugi, & Nahib, I. (2019). Identification of river morphology with satellite imagery in river restoration: case study of upper Bengawan Solo. Proceedings of the 9th UMS National Geography Seminar. [In Bahasa]
Verstappen, H. T. (2010). Indonesian landforms and plate tectonics. Indonesian Journal on Geoscience, 5(3), 197-207. https://doi.org/10.17014/ijog.v5i3.103
Zámolyi, A., Székely, B., Draganits, E., & Timár, G. (2010). Geomorphology neotectonic control on river sinuosity at the western margin of the Little Hungarian Plain. Geomorphology, 122(3-4), 231-243. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2009.06.028
Zhang, B., Ai, N. S., Huang, Z. W., Yi, C. B., & Qin, F. C. (2008). Meanders of the Jialing River in China: morphology and formation. Chinese Science Bulletin, 53(2), 267-281. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11434-007-0516-2
Raharjo, Puguh Dwi; Haryono, Eko; Setiawan, Muhammad Anggri; and Permana, Haryadi
RIVER MEANDERS ON ALLUVIAL PLAINS AND HILLY TOPOGRAPHY.
Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development, 6(1), 167-182.
Available at: https://doi.org/10.7454/jessd.v6i1.1169