Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International License.
This study assessed the association between leadership attributes and qualities in the implementation of education infrastructure development policy goals in Tanzania using Kinondoni Municipal Council as a case. A concurrent mixed-method triangulation of qualitative and quantitative data was employed to explore the nexus between leadership attributes and qualities in implementing education infrastructure development policy goals in Tanzania. The data used in this study was garnered from face-to-face interviews with 92 respondents recruited from a population of 288 Kinondoni Municipal Council workers and a review of documentary sources relevant to the study. The application of primary data from interviews and desk reviews allowed triangulation of the findings garnered from the two data sources, which usefully enriched and enhanced the validity and reliability of the findings. Quantitative data were analyzed using IBM statistics software to determine frequencies and run association tests, while qualitative data were analyzed thematically and discussed descriptively. The study found that collaborative leadership, public policy advocacy, coordination, effective dialogue with the community, and leaders’ commitment to being leadership attributes are significantly positively associated with implementing education infrastructure development policy goals in Kinondoni Municipal Council. Furthermore, Interpersonal communication, integrity, accountability, empathy, and vision significantly influence the implementation of education infrastructure development policy goals in the Kinondoni Municipal Council. In this regard, efforts should be put in place to improve the qualities and attributes among leaders to maximize the implementation of education infrastructure development policy goals.
Ambali, A., Suleiman, G., Bakar, A., Hashim, R., & Tariq, Z. (2011). Servant Leadership’s Values and Staff’s Commitment: Policy Implementation Focus. American Journal of Scientific Research, 13, 18-40.
Ansell, C., & Gash, A. (2008). Collaborative Governance in Theory and Practice. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 18(4), 543-571.
Bailey, K.D. (1994). Methods of Social Research. The Free Press.
Bayrakci, E., Gokus, M., & Taspınar, Y. (2012). Accountability in Public Policies: A Comparative Study. Fifteenth International Conference of American Society of Business and Behavioural Sciences, 15, 3-13.
Bekker, J., & Van Heyningen, H. (2011). A Strategic Leadership Model for Policy Implementation. African Journal of Public Affairs, 4(1), 23-36.
CAG. (2021). General Audit Reports for Financial Year 2019/2020. National Audit Office (NAO).
Cerna, L. (2013). The Nature of Policy Change and Implementation: A Review of Different Theoretical Approaches. OECD.
Creswell. (2013). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches. Sage Publication.
Dewan, T., & Myatt, D. P. (2007). The Qualities of Leadership: Direction, Communication and Obfuscation. PSPE working papers. School of Economics and Political Science, Department of Government.
Enfroy, A. (2021). Leadership Qualities: A List of Skills to Make a Good Leader. Leadership Qualities. Retrieved from https://www.adamenfroy.com /
Getha-Taylor, H., Holmes, M., Jacobson, W., Morse, R., & Sowa, J. (2011). Focusing the Public Leadership Lens: Research Propositions and Questions in the Minnowbrook Tradition. Journal of Public Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 21(1). DOI: 10.2307/40961921
Ghavifekr, S., Afshari, M., Siraj, S., & Seger, K. (2013). ICT Application for Administration and Management: A Conceptual Review. Procedia - Social and Behavioural Sciences, 103(1), 1344-1351.
Hill, M., & Hope, P. (2014). Implementing Public Policy, An Introduction to the Study of Operational Governance. Sage Publication Ltd.
HRW. (2017). I Had a Dream to Finish School: Barriers to Secondary Education in Tanzania. Human Rights Watch.
Hudson, B., Hunter, D., & Peckham, S. (2019). Policy Failure and the Policy-Implementation Gap: Can Policy Support Programs Help? .Policy Design and Practice, 2(1), 1-14. DOI:1080/25741292.2018.1540378
Hupe, P., & Sætren., H. (2015). Comparative Implementation Research: Directions and Dualities. Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice, 17(2), 93-102. DOI: 10.1080/13876988.2015.1015360
Jabbar, A., & Hussein, A. (2017). The Role of Leadership in Strategic Management. International Journal of Research - Granthaalayah, 5(5), 99-106. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.583890.
Kothari, C. R., & Garg, G. (2015). Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques (Third ed.). New Age International (P) Ltd.
Lara, A. A. (2020). Policy Implementation in Water Management: The case of the Netherlands-Mexico Bilateral Cooperation. IHE Delft Institute for Water Education. Delft, the Netherlands: UNESCO/ IHE Delft.
Malipula, M. & Salum, J. (2023). The Participation Rhetoric in Development Projects: Experiences from Tibirinzi Market Construction in Pemba, Zanzibar. Asian Journal of African Studies, 54(2)55-83
Martin, L. L. & Frahm, K. (2010). The Changing Nature of Accountability in Administrative Practice. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, 37(1), 137-148.
Mdanya, T. (2022). Influence of Leadership on Public Policy Implementation: A Case Study of Kinondoni Municipal Council. MA Dissertation, Mzumbe University, Tanzania.
Mohamed, S. F., Juma, P., Asiki, G., & Kyobutungi, C. (2018). Facilitators and Barriers in the Formulation and Implementation of Tobacco Control Policies in Kenya: A Qualitative Study. BMC Public Health, 18, 21-32. doi:10.1186/s1288
Muhammad, F. (2014). Leadership, Governance and Public Policy Implementation Competencies in the Broader Public Sector. European Journal of Business and Management, 6(36), 66-74.
Muldyanto, T. (2019). The Effect of Policy Implementation and Leadership Commitment on The Success of Licensing Services in Kalideres District, Jakarta Barat. International Journal of Economics, Business and Accounting Research (IJEBAR), 3(2), 98-110.
Mulyutu, N. (2020). The state of Infrastructure in Secondary Schools: A Case study of Kinondoni Municipal Council. Journal of Administrative Studies, 5(2), 43-54. StudyCorgi. (2021). Top-Down Approach in Public Policy Implementation. Study Corgi. Retrieved from https://studycorgi.com/top-down-approach-in-public-policy-implementation/
Theodory, F. (2021). Triangulation Technique: Combining Varied Methodological Approaches in Researching Local Level Adaptation Practices to Climate Change among the Haya people in Tanzania. Methodie 1, 47-62.
URT. (2014). Education and Training Policy. Dar es Salaam: Ministry of Education, Science and Technology.
Vanen, S., & Huxham, C. (2003). Enacting Leadership for Collaborative Advantage: Dilemmas of Ideology and Pragmatism in the Activities of Partnership Managers. British Journal of Management, 14, 61-76.
Vasileiou, K., Barnett, J., Thorpe, S., & Young, T. (2018). Characterising and Justifying Sample Size Sufficiency in Interview-based Studies: Systematic Analysis of Qualitative Health Research over a 15-Year Period. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 18(148 ), 1–1 8.
Wang, S., Crosby, A., & Casey-Dunn, D. (2012). Open the Black Box: The Conflict between the Top-Down and Bottom-Up - Implementation of PA 436 in Michigan. Michigan: Applied Public Policy Research (MAPPR) Program, 1-34.
WB. (2005). World Bank Implementation Completion Report No: 32071 2005:6. World bank.
Wittwer, S., Sager, F., & Huegli, E. (2017). Rediscovering Top-Down Implementation: How Sabatier and Mazmanian’s Implementation in Swiss Regional Policy. Draft paper presented at the ICPP in Singapore June 2017. P02 Policy Implementation - The Role of Policy Targets. ICPP.
Mdanya, Theresia and Malipula, Mrisho Dr
"The Nexus between Leadership and Implementation of Education Infrastructure Development Policy Goals in Tanzania: Reflections from Kinondoni Municipal Council,"
BISNIS & BIROKRASI: Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi dan Organisasi: Vol. 30:
1, Article 3.
Available at: https://scholarhub.ui.ac.id/jbb/vol30/iss1/3