Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) has increasingly attracted the attention of firms and stakeholders. The purpose of this study is to examine whether the mediating role of ESG disclosure has a negative effect on CEO overconfidence and firm risk, especially based on investors' perspectives. Many studies on ESG disclosure were conducted in Europe and America. Most ESG disclosures are measured using manual checklist based on annual reports or firm websites. By using panel dataset of 225 manufacturing firms in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand from 2012-2016 obtained from Thomson Reuters’ ESG score, the research shows that CEO overconfidence has no negative direct effect on firm risk but the role of ESG disclosure as a mediating variable has a negative effect on CEO overconfidence and firm risk. CEO overconfidence has a positive effect on ESG disclo­sure and ESG disclosure has a negative effect on firm risk. CEO with overconfidence characteristics will make the best decisions to disclose ESG in order to increase firm value and reduce firm risk.

Bahasa Abstract

Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) semakin mendapatkan perhatian di antara perusahaan dan pemangku kepentingan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menguji apakah peran mediasi pengungkapan ESG memiliki pengaruh negatif terhadap CEO overconfidence dan risiko perusahaan, terutama berdasarkan perspektif investor. Banyak penelitian mengenai pengungkapan ESG hanya dilakukan di Eropa dan Amerika. Sebagian besar pengungkapan ESG diukur menggunakan daftar ceklist manual berdasarkan laporan tahunan atau situs web perusahaan. Dengan menggunakan dataset panel dari 225 perusahaan manufaktur Asia Tenggara di Indonesia, Malaysia, Filipina, Singapura dan Thailand tahun 2012-2016 yang diperoleh dari skor ESG Thomson Reuters, hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa CEO overconfidence tidak memiliki pengaruh negatif terhadap risiko perusahaan secara langsung namun peran pengungkapan ESG sebagai variabel mediasi terhadap pengaruh negatif CEO overconfi­dence dan risiko perusahaan terbukti. CEO overconfidence memiliki pengaruh positif terhadap pengungkapan ESG dan pengungkapan ESG memiliki pengaruh negatif terhadap risiko perusahaan. CEO overconfidence akan memilih keputusan terbaik untuk mengungkapkan ESG sehingga nilai perusahaan akan meningkat dan mengurangi risiko perusahaan.


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