Under the Conditionally Constitutional Doctrine, the Indonesian Constitutional Court may declare that a provision of a statute is constitutional if it is read in a way described by the Constitutional Court. In practice, this doctrine allows the Constitutional Court to create new legal norms that might not be covered or even considered in the reviewed statute. The main question is: does the Constitutional Court have any legitimate reasons to use such doctrine? This is especially crucial because the Indonesian House of Representatives once banned the doctrine through amendment to Law No. 24 of 2003 on Constitutional Court in 2011 and shortly thereafter, the Constitutional Court declared that the amendment is unconstitutional. In this article, I will discuss the validity of the Conditionally Constitutional Doctrine through the lens of various theories of legal interpretation, and further conclude that given the nature of judicial review process, attempting to answer the above question from the perspective of traditional legal interpretation theories would not be fruitful. Instead, I would recommend using a pragmatic approach in dealing with the existence of the doctrine and offer certain aspects that can be further pursued by Indonesian legal researchers in order to improve the use of such doctrine.

Bahasa Abstract

Berdasarkan Doktrin Konstitusional Bersyarat, Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia dapat menyatakan bahwa ketentuan dari suatu undang-undang adalah konstitusional sepanjang dimaknai sesuai dengan apa yang dinyatakan oleh Mahkamah Konstitusi. Dalam prakteknya, doktrin ini memungkinkan Mahkamah Konstitusi untuk menciptakan norma hukum baru yang sebelumnya mungkin tidak dicakup atau bahkan dipertimbangkan dalam undang-undang yang diuji. Pertanyaan utamanya adalah: apakah Mahkamah Konstitusi memiliki alasan yang sah untuk menggunakan doktrin tersebut? Hal ini menjadi krusial khususnya mengingat Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Republik Indonesia pernah melarang penggunaan doktrin tersebut melalui amandemen atas Undang-Undang No. 24 Tahun 2003 tentang Mahkamah Konstitusi di tahun 2011, dan tak lama sesudahnya, Mahkamah Konstitusi menyatakan bahwa amandemen tersebut bertentangan dengan Konstitusi. Dalam makalah ini, penulis akan mendiskusikan keabsahan dari Doktrin Konstitusional Bersyarat dari sudut pandang berbagai teori interpretasi hukum, dan menyimpulkan bahwa mengingat sifat dari proses pengujian undang-undang, usaha untuk menjawab pertanyaan di atas dari perspektif teori interpretasi hukum tradisional tidak akan membuahkan hasil. Sebaliknya, penulis merekomendasikan untuk menggunakan pendekatan pragmatis dalam menyikapi keberadaan doktrin tersebut dan menyarankan beberapa aspek yang perlu ditelaah lebih jauh oleh para peneliti hukum di Indonesia guna memperbaiki penggunaan doktrin tersebut.



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