This article discusses the issues of conflicts of laws that may arise when the parties, including an Indonesian party, have a contract governed by Indonesian law which includes an arbitration clause that states that the seat of the arbitration is Singapore. After discussing the rules of conflict of laws applicable to the choice of a substantive law governing the contract and the arbitration clause, the article discusses the difficulties that parties and the tribunal often face in an arbitration in which Indonesian law is the governing law. It then discusses conflict rules affecting the validity of the arbitration agreement and the jurisdiction of the tribunal. It finally discusses two other potentially conflictual situations that may arise.

Bahasa Abstract

Artikel ini membahas permasalahan hukum antar tata hukum yang timbul ketika para pihak, termasuk pihak dari Indonesia, memiliki kontrak yang diatur oleh hukum Indonesia yang mengandung klausul arbitrase yang memilih kedudukan arbitrase di Singapura. Setelah mendiskusikan aturan hukum antar tata hukum yang berlaku dalam hukum materiil yang mengatur kontrak dan klausul arbitrase, artikel ini membahas kesulitan yang para pihak dan majelis arbitrase sering hadapi dalam arbitrase ketika hukum Indonesia merupakan hukum yang berlaku. Artikel ini kemudian membicarakan aturan hukum antar tata hukum yang memengaruhi keabsahan dari perjanjian arbitrase dan yurisdiksi dari majelis arbitrase. Pada bagian akhir, artikel ini membahas dua situasi konflik lain yang dapat timbul.


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Books Born, Gary. International Arbitration and Forum Selection Agreements: Drafting and Enforcing, 6th ed. Alphen aan den Rijn, The Netherlands: Kluwer Law International, 2021. Budidjaja, Tony. Public Policy as Grounds for Refusal of Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards in Indonesia. Jakarta: Tatanusa, 2002. Chan, Darius, et al. Law and Theory of International Commercial Arbitration in Singapore. Singapore: SAL Academy Publishing, 2022. Rajagukguk, Erman. Arbitrase Dalam Putusan Pengadilan. Jakarta: Chandra Pratama, 2000.

Book Chapters Bell, Gary F. “Arbitration and Comparative Law” in The Cambridge Companion to International Arbitration, edited by C.L. Lim, 61-78. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2021. Bell, Gary F. “Codification and Decodification: The State of the Civil and Commercial Codes in Indonesia” in Codification in East Asia – Selected Papers from the 2nd IACL Thematic Conference, edited by Wen-Yeu Wang, 39-50. Switzerland: Springer, 2014. Soemartono, Gatot and Lumbantobing, John. “Indonesian Arbitration Law and Practice in Light of the UNCITRAL Model Law” in The UNCITRAL Model Law and Asian Arbitration Laws, edited by Gary F Bell, 262-298. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018.

Articles Adolf, Huala. “The Provisions on the Enforcement of Foreign Arbitration Awards in Indonesia (under the New York Convention of 1958).” Journal of Arbitration Studies 27 Vol. 3 (2017): 33-52. Bedner, Adriaan. “Indonesian Legal Scholarship and Jurisprudence as an Obstacle for Transplanting Legal Institutions.” Hague Journal on the Rule of Law Year 5 (2013): 253-273. Bell, Gary F. “The Civil Law, the Common Law, and the English Language – Challenges and Opportunities in Asia.” Asian Journal of Comparative Law 14 (2019): S29–S49. Rubins, Noah. “The Enforcement and Annulment of International Arbitration Awards in Indonesia.” American University International Law Review 20 (2005): 359-402.

Websites Global Arbitration Review, “It’s getting easier in Indonesia.”, https://globalarbitrationreview.com/its-getting-easier-in-indonesia accessed 27 February 2022. Singapore International Arbitration Centre [SIAC], “Annual Report 2020”, p. 17, https://www.siac.org.sg/images/stories/articles/annual_report/SIAC_Annual_Report_2020.pdf accessed on 27 February 2022.