Space capabilities utilization, specifically Earth observation capabilities is not just limited to environmental protection and disaster mitigation, as was shown in the UN Principles on Remote Sensing. It can also be used to support law enforcement and legal proceedings in court. However, the technology of Earth observation is very complex and the process from primary earth observation data to analyzed information requires a degree of manipulation to create comprehensive data. Because of this, there is an issue of admissibility of Earth observation data in court. This article would like to answer the fundamental question on how can this data be admissible, beginning with the procedure to obtain it and to ensure the authenticity of the data, and finds that there are methods of Data Imaging and Digital Audit that may ensure its authenticity. It will also find that obtaining this data for evidence requires a process of special agreement that needs to be looked at more in the future.

Bahasa Abstract

Penggunaan Ruang Angkasa, khususnya untuk observasi Bumi tidak saja terbatas untuk perlindungan lingkungan dan mitigasi bencana, sebagaimana diamanatkan dalam Prinsip- Prinsip PBB dalam Penginderaan Jarak Jauh. Ruang Angkasa juga dapat digunakan untuk menunjang penegakan hukum dan proses peradilan, baik di pengadilan nasional, maupun internasional. Namun, teknologi observasi Bumi merupakan teknologi yang rumit, mengingat proses pengolahan data yang didapatkan membutuhkan proses-proses manipulasi tertentu agar data tersebut dapat diterjemahkan dengan baik. Manipulasi ini menimbulkan suatu permasalahan dalam menggunakan data observasi Bumi sebagai alat bukti yang sah di pengadilan. Artikel ini dibuat untuk menjawab pertanyaan bagaimana suatu data elektronik menjadi alat bukti yang sah, dimulai dari prosedur memperoleh data tersebut, penjaminan keaslian, dengan mengajukan metode data imaging dan digital audit yang dapat memastikan keabsahan tersebut. Artikel ini juga menemukan permasalahan lain dalam memperoleh suatu data satelit secara khusus dan data elektronik secara umum untuk digunakan sebagai alat bukti yang membutuhkan suatu perjanjian internasional antar negara.



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