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Article Title

Determinan Kepemimpinan

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to look for determinants that effect leadership. The research was conducted in 13 airports and in the head office of its managing organization consisting of 84 different working units on different levels. The sample size is 3.048 respondents from a total of 4.150 employees. The findings are 22 hypotheses explaining leadership significantly: 16 independent variables determine positively and show a mutual impact as well as an accumulative direct influence to and from leadership. Only one variable shows a positive impact on leadership without any impact back. Five variables show a negative and non-accumulative effect towards leadership. Determinants show to have a positive, mutual and accumulative direct impact towards leadership. These determinants are: conduct to change, communication, working with leadership, networking, developing human resources, influence, working in groups, managing differences, using local language, commitment, discipline, non-reward based working, optimism, mutual caring, and consistency. One determinant, leader using software other than MS Office has a positive effect towards leadership. However, leadership has no impact on the use of software other than MS Office towards the leader. The other 5 variables show a negative, non-mutual and non-accumulative impact towards leadership, these variables are: happiness, perseverance, efficiency, serving others with respect, and adherence to norms.

Bahasa Abstract

Maksud dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mencari determinan yang menentukan kepemimpinan. Penelitian dilakukan di 13 bandara dan kantor pusat pengelola yang terdiri dari 84 unit kerja dalam berbagai tingkat mencakup berbagai macam kegiatan dengan jumlah sampel sebesar 3.048 responden dari populasi 4.150 pegawai. Hasil temuan dalam penelitian kepemimpinan menurunkan 22 hipotesa yang berdampak pada kepemimpinan. Dari 22 variabel independen atau variabel bebas terdapat 16 variabel yang berdampak positif pada kepemimpinan dan berdampak balik serta langsung berakumulasi. Ke 16 variabel itu adalah pembawa perubahan, komunikasi, kepemimpinan dalam pekerjaan, jejaring, pengembang orang lain, pengaruh, kerja kelompok, keragaman, pemakaian bahasa daerah, komitmen, kedisiplinan, keteladanan, kepamrihan kerja, keoptimisan, tindakan saling mengasihi, dan kekonsistenan. Hanya 1 variabel bebas yang berdampak pada kepemimpinan secara positif tapi tidak berdampak berbalik, yaitu dalam penggunaan piranti lunak selain MS Office, sedangkan 5 variabel independen yang lain berdampak negatif pada kepemimpinan dan tidak berdampak balik dan dengan sendirinya tidak akumulatif, yaitu variabel kebahagiaan, ketekunan, keefisienan, kesopansantunan dalam melayani, dan norma yang berlaku.

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