Previousresearch has found that stigma tends to impair help-seeking intention in a suicidal crisis for university students across the globe. Yet very little research has investigated how suicide-specific stigma affects help-seeking intention in a suicidal crisis amonguniversity students in the Indonesian context. This research examines the adverse relationship between suicide stigmaand help-seeking intention. A total of 284 university students in Jakarta, aged 18–24 years (M= 20.14, SD = 1.18), participatedin the study.Linear regression analysis demonstrated that suicide stigma positivelycontributes to the intention to seek help from both formal and non-formal sources. These resultscontradictprevious findings, possibly due to the unique culture in Indonesia.Theoretical and practical implications are discussed for Indonesian suicideprevention efforts.

Bahasa Abstract

Banyak penelitian telah menemukan bahwa stigma menghambat niatan pencarian bantuan di masa bunuh diri pada mahasiswa dari berbagai belahan dunia. Hanya sedikit riset di Indonesia yang membahas mengenai bagaimana stigma spesifik bunuh diri mempengaruhi niatan pencarian bantuan pada mahasiswa. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menyelidiki kontribusi stigma bunuh diri terhadap niatan pencarian bantuan. Mahasiswa sarjana di Jakarta (N=284), berusia 18 hingga 24 tahun (M = 20,14, SD = 1,18), berpartisipasi dalam penelitian ini. Analisis regresi linear menunjukkan bahwa stigma bunuh diri berkontribusi positif terhadap niatan pencarian bantuan formal dan non-formal pada mahasiswa universitas di Jakarta. Hasil studi ini berlawanan dengan penemuan sebelumnya, dikarenakan adanya budaya yang khas di Indonesia. Implikasi teoretis dan praktis dibahas untuk upaya pencegahan bunuh diri di Indonesia.


Ajzen, I (2005). Attitude, personality and behavior. UK : Open University Press. Arboleda-Flörez, J. (2008). Understanding the stigma of mental illness: Theory and interventions. West Sussex, UK : John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Arjadi, R., Nauta, M.H., Chowdhary, N., & Bockting, C. L. H. (2015). A systematic review of online interventions for mental health in low and middle income countries: A neglected field. Global Mental Health, 2, e12. doi: 10.1017/gmh.2015.10 Arria, A. M., Winick, E. R., Garnier-dykstra, L. M., Vincent, B., Caldeira, K. M., Wilcox, H. C., & Grady, O. (2011). Help-seeking and mental health service utilization among college students with a history of suicide ideation. Psychiatric Services, 62(12), 1510– 1513. doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.005562010.Help-Seeking Assari, S. (2018). Multiplicative effects of social and psychological risk factors on college students’ suicidal behaviors. Brain Sciences, 8(5), 1–13. doi: 10.3390/brainsci8050091 Batterham, P. J., Calear, A. L., & Christensen, H. (2013). Correlates of suicide stigma and suicide literacy in the community. Suicide and LifeThreatening Behavior, 43(4), 406–417. doi: 10.1111/sltb.12026 Batterham, P.J., Calear, A. L., & Christensen, H. (2013). The stigma of suicide scale: Psychometric properties and correlates of the stigma of suicide. Crisis, 34(1), 13–21. doi: 10.1027/0227-5910/a000156 Calear, A. L., Batterham, P. J., & Christensen, H. (2014). Predictors of help-seeking for suicidal ideation in the community: Risks and opportunities for public suicide prevention campaigns. Psychiatry Research, 219(3), 525–530. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2014.06.027 Chan, W. I., Batterham, P., Christensen, H., & Galletly, C. (2014). Suicide literacy, suicide stigma and helpseeking intentions in Australian medical students. Australasian Psychiatry, 22(2), 132–139. doi: 10.1177/1039856214522528 Coolican, H. (2014). Research methods and statistics in psychology 6th Edition (2009). East Sussex, UK: Psychology Pers doi: 10.4324/9780203769669 Curtis, C. (2010). Youth perceptions of suicide and help-seeking: “they’d think I was weak or ‘mental.’” Journal of Youth Studies, 13(6), 699–715. doi: 10.1080/13676261003801747 Downs, M. F., & Eisenberg, D. (2012). Help seeking and treatment use among suicidal college students. Journal of American College Health, 60(2), 104–114. doi: 10.1080/07448481.2011.619611 Deane, F. P & Wilson, C. J. (2007). Considerations for specifying problem-types, help-sources, and scoring the General Help Seeking Questionnaire (GHSQ). Retrieved from https://documents.uow.edu.au/content/groups/public/@ web/@health/@iimh/documents/doc/uow039041.pdf Elliot, A. J., Chirkov, V. I., Kim, Y., & Sheldon, K. M. (2001). A cross-cultural analysis of avoidance (relative to approach) personal goals. Psychological Science, 12(6), 505–510. doi: 10.1111/1467-9280.00393 Evans, G & Farberow, N.L. (2003). The encyclopedia of suicide, 2nd Edition. New York : Amerika Serikat, Facts on File, Inc. Gayatri, G., Rusadi, U., Meiningsih, S., Mahmudah, D., Sari, D., Kautsarina, K., & Nugroho, A. C. (2015). Digital citizenship safety among children and adolescents in Indonesia. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/321580017_ Digital_Citizenship_Safety_Among_Children_And_Ad olescents_in_Indonesia/download Goldston, D. B., Molock, S. D., Whitbeck, L. B., Murakami, J. L., Luis, H., & Hall, G. C. N. (2008). Cultural consideration in adolescent suicide prevention and psychosocial treatment. NIH Public Access, 63(1), 14–31. doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.63.1.14.Cultural Han, J., Batterham, P. J., Calear, A. L., Wu, Y., Shou, Y., & Van Spijker, B. A. (2017). Translation and validation of the Chinese versions of the suicidal ideation attributes scale, stigma of suicide scale, and literacy of suicide scale. Death Studies, 41(3):173-179. doi:10.1080/07481187.2016.1214633. Iranmanesh, M., Moghavvemi, S., Zailani, S., & Hyun, S. S. (2018). The role of trust and religious commitment in Islamic medical tourism. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 23(3), 245–259. doi: 10.1080/10941665.2017.1421240 Jauhari, A. H., Utami, M. S., & Padmawati, R. S. (2008). Motivasi dan kepercayaan pasien untuk berobat ke sinse. Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat, 24(1), 1–7. doi: 10.22146/bkm.3601 Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2013). Surat Keputusan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia nomor 1076/MENKES/SK/VII/2003 tentang Penyelenggaraan Pengobatan Tradisional. Retrieved July 5th 2015 from http://www.gizikia.depkes.go.id/download/KMK-No.- 1076-Th-2003-ttg-Penyelenggaraan-PengobatanTradisional.pdf Lageborn, C. T., Ljung, R., Vaez, M., & Dahlin, M. (2017). Ongoing university studies and the risk of suicide: A register-based nationwide cohort study of 5 million young and middle-aged individuals in Sweden, 1993-2011. BMJ Open, 7(3), 1–8. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014264 Li, Z. Z., Li, Y. M., Lei, X. Y., Zhang, D., Liu, L., Tang, S. Y., & Chen, L. (2014). Prevalence of suicidal ideation in Chinese college students: A meta-analysis. PLoS ONE, 9(10). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0104368 Muluk, H., Hudiyana, J., & Shadiqi, M. A. (2018). The development of psychology of culture in Indonesia. in Li, W. W., Hodgetts, D., & Foo, K. H. (Eds.). AsiaPacific Perspectives on Intercultural Psychology. London: Routledge. Neilson, E. K., Mar, M. Y., Torchalla, I., Werker, G. R., Laing, A., & Krausz, M. (2014). Help-seeking experiences of youth with suicidal ideations. Journal of Patient Experience, 1(2), 22–27. doi: 10.1177/237437431400100205 Nelson, G., Hanna, R., Houri, A., & Klimes-Dougan, B. (2012). Protective functions of religious traditions for suicide risk. Suicidology Online [Electronic Resource], 3(2009), 59–71. Retrieved from http://www.suicidology-online.com/pdf/SOL-2012-3- 59-71.pdf Nugraha, A. S., & Keller, P. A. (2011). Revealing indigenous Indonesian traditional medicine: Antiinfective agents. Natural Product Communications, 6(12), 1953–1966. Retrieved from http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0- 83455210892&partnerID=tZOtx3y1 Patton, G. C., Sawyer, S. M., Santelli, J. S., Ross, D. A., Afifi, R., Allen, N. B., ... & Kakuma, R. (2016). Our future: A Lancet commission on adolescent health and wellbeing. Lancet, 387(10036), 2423–2478. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)00579-1 Peltzer, K., Yi, S., & Pengpid, S. (2017). Suicidal behaviors and associated factors among university students in six countries in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 26, 32–38. doi: 10.1016/j.ajp.2017.01.019 Rickwood, D., & Thomas, K. (2012). Conceptual measurement framework for help-seeking for mental health problems. Psychology Research and Behavior Management, 5, 173–183. doi: 10.2147/PRBM.S38707 Sarwono, S. (2014). Anak Jakarta, A sketch of Indonesian youth identity. Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia, 15(1), 41–65. doi: 10.17510/wjhi.v15i1.104 Seward, A., & Harris, K. M. (2016). Offline versus online suicide-related help seeking: changing domains, changing paradigms. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 72(6), 606 - 620. doi:10.1002/jclp.22282 Suswardany, D. L., Sibbritt, D. W., Supardi, S., Chang, S., & Adams, J. (2015). A critical review of traditional medicine and traditional healer use for malaria and among people in malaria-endemic areas: Contemporary research in low to middle-income Asia-Pacific countries. Malaria Journal, 14(1). doi: 10.1186/s12936-015-0593-7 Sutiono, A. (2014). The roles and significance of wong pinter, The Javanese Shaman. (Dissertation). University of Leeds. Tondo, L. (2014). Brief history of suicide in Western Culture. In Koslow, S.H., Ruiz, P. & Nemeroff C.B (eds). A conscise guide to understanding suicide epidemiology, pathophysiology and prevention (hal 3- 12).UK : Cambridge University Press. Tresno, F., Ito, Y., & Mearns, J. (2012). Self-injurious behavior and suicide attempts among indonesian college students. Death Studies, 36(7), 627–639. doi: 10.1080/07481187.2011.604464 Tuliao, A. P., & Velasquez, P. A. (2014). Revisiting the general help seeking questionnaire: adaptation, exploratory factor analysis, and further validation in a Filipino college student sample. Philippine Journal of Psychology, 47(1), 1–17. Retrieved from http://ejournals.ph/form/cite.php?id=3884 Walker, D. F., Worthington, E. L., Gartner, A. L., Gorsuch, R. L., & Hanshew, E. R. (2011). Religious commitment and expectations about psychotherapy among christian clients. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 3(2), 98–114. doi: 10.1037/a0021604 Weatherhead, S., & Daiches, A. (2010). Muslim views on mental health and psychotherapy. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 83(1), 75–89. doi: 10.1348/147608309X467807 Wilson, C. J., Deane, F. P., Ciarrochi, J., & Rickwood, D. (2005). Measuring help-seeking intentions: Properties of the general help-seeking questionnaire. Canadian Journal of Counselling, 39(1), 15–28. doi: Retrived from http://cjcrcc.ucalgary.ca/cjc/index.php/rcc/article/view/265 World Health Organization. (2014). Preventing suicide: a global imperative. Luxembourg; WHO Press. Yap, M. B.H., Reavley, N., & Jorm, A.F. (2013). Where would young people seek help for mental disorders and what stops them? Findings from an Australian national survey. Journal of Affective Disorders, 147(1–3), 255–261. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2012.11.014 Yasmine, D. (2018, Mei 28). Stigma of mental illness makes us sicker. Retrieved January 1st 2019 from https://jakartaglobe.id/features/stigma-mental-illnessmakes-us-sicker/ Zhai, H., Bai, B., Chen, L., Han, D., Wang, L., Qiao, Z., Qiu, X., Yang, X. & Yang, Y. (2015). Correlation between family environment and suicidal ideation in university students in China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 12(2), 1412–1424. doi: 10.3390/ijerph120201412



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.