A number of the mathematical problem solving are related with visuospatial ability. A good spatial conceptualization is an asset to understand the mathematical concept. Perspective understanding, geometrical shapes, and visual concept relation are crucial skills in spatial ability. These factors are also needed in mathematical performance. This research is intended to test the relationship between spatial abilities and mathematical performance. Data are collected from 220 children (7 to 11 years old) by giving them the spatial ability test which consists of spatial topology, projective, euclidis, and mathematical test. Result shows that there is a significant relationship between total spatial ability, topology, euclidis and mathematical performance. In the contrary, it shows that there is no relationship between projective spatial ability and mathematical performance.

Bahasa Abstract

Beberapa area dari pemecahan masalah matematika berhubungan dengan kemampuan visuospatial. Adanya konseptualisasi spasial yang baik merupakan asset untuk memahami konsep-konsep matematika. Pada kemampuan spasial diperlukan adanya pemahaman perspektif, bentuk-bentuk geometris, menghubungkan konsep visual. Faktorfaktor tersebut juga diperlukan dalam prestasi belajar matematika. Penelitian ini bertujuan menguji ada tidaknya hubungan antara kemampuan spasial dengan prestasi belajar matematika.Pengumpulan data dilakukan terhadap 220 anak usia sekolah, berusia 7-11 tahun dengan memberikan tes kemampuan spasial yang terdiri dari hubungan spasial topologi, proyektif, euclidis dan tes matematika. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan antara kemampuan spasial total, topologi dan euclidis dengan prestasi belajar matematika, tetapi tidak terdapat hubungan antara kemampuan spasial proyektif dengan prestasi belajar matematika.



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